The stability of cubic CaSiO3 perovskite with respect to octahedral rotations is investigated by ab initio total-energy calculations. The proposed theoretical ground-state crystal structure has the orthorhombic Pbnm symmetry, Pressure gradually reduces the average tilting of the SiO6 octahedra relative to the cubic axis, from 7° at zero pressure to 4° at about 150 GPa. The energy difference between the orthorhombic and cubic phases at 0 GPa is 63 meV per f.u. and shows weak pressure dependence. A possible stabilization of the cubic phase at finite temperatures by entropy effects is discussed.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - May 15 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics