Low energy measurement of the 14N(p, γ)15O total cross section at the LUNA underground facility

D. Bemmerer, F. Confortola, A. Lemut, R. Bonetti, C. Broggini, P. Corvisiero, H. Costantini, J. Cruz, A. Formicola, Zs Fülöp, G. Gervino, A. Guglielmetti, C. Gustavino, Gy Gyürky, G. Imbriani, A. Jesus, M. Junker, B. Limata, R. Menegazzo, P. PratiV. Roca, C. Rolfs, D. Rogalla, M. Romano, C. Rossi-Alvarez, F. Schümann, E. Somorjai, O. Straniero, F. Strieder, F. Terrasi, H. P. Trautvetter

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Abstract

Deep underground in Gran Sasso National Laboratory (Italy), at the LUNA facility, the cross section of the 14N(p, γ)15O, the slowest process of the CNO cycle, has been measured at energies much lower than achieved before. Using a 400 kV accelerator, a windowless gas target and a 4π BGO summing detector, direct cross section data has been obtained down to 70 keV, reaching a value of 0.24 picobarn, corresponding to an S-factor of 1.74 ± 0.14 (stat) ± 0.14 (syst)   keV barn. The Gamow peak has been covered by direct experimental data for several scenarios of stable and explosive hydrogen burning. The ωγ strength of the 259 keV resonance has been re-measured obtaining 12.8 ± 0.3 (stat) ± 0.4 (syst)   meV. The stellar reaction rate has been calculated for temperatures 0.09 × 109 - 0.3 × 109   K. A complete description of the experiment is here presented, including the impact of the present data on nucleosynthesis in AGB stars.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-317
Number of pages21
JournalNuclear Physics A
Volume779
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 27 2006

Keywords

  • CNO cycle
  • Direct measurement
  • N(p, γ)O
  • Underground accelerator

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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    Bemmerer, D., Confortola, F., Lemut, A., Bonetti, R., Broggini, C., Corvisiero, P., Costantini, H., Cruz, J., Formicola, A., Fülöp, Z., Gervino, G., Guglielmetti, A., Gustavino, C., Gyürky, G., Imbriani, G., Jesus, A., Junker, M., Limata, B., Menegazzo, R., ... Trautvetter, H. P. (2006). Low energy measurement of the 14N(p, γ)15O total cross section at the LUNA underground facility. Nuclear Physics A, 779, 297-317. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2006.09.001