The effect of quenched disorder on the low-energy and low-temperature properties of various two-and three-dimensional Heisenberg models is studied by a numerical strong disorder renormalization-group method. For strong enough disorder we have identified two relevant fixed points, in which the gap exponent, ω, describing the low-energy tail of the gap distribution P(Δ)∼Δω is independent of disorder, the strength of couplings, and the value of the spin. The dynamical behavior of nonfrustrated random antiferromagnetic models is controlled by a singletlike fixed point, whereas for frustrated models the fixed point corresponds to a large spin formation and the gap exponent is given by ω≈0. Another type of universality class is observed at quantum critical points and in dimerized phases but no infinite randomness behavior is found, in contrast to that of one-dimensional models.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics