Low-energy d+d fusion reactions via the Trojan Horse Method

A. Tumino, C. Spitaleri, A. M. Mukhamedzhanov, S. Typel, M. Aliotta, V. Burjan, M. Gimenez del Santo, G. G. Kiss, V. Kroha, Z. Hons, M. La Cognata, L. Lamia, J. Mrazek, R. G. Pizzone, S. Piskor, G. G. Rapisarda, S. Romano, M. L. Sergi, R. Spartà

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The bare nucleus S(E) factors for the H2(d,p)H3 and H2(d,n)He3 reactions have been measured for the first time via the Trojan Horse Method off the proton in 3He from 1.5 MeV down to 2 keV. This range overlaps with the relevant region for Standard Big Bang Nucleosynthesis as well as with the thermal energies of future fusion reactors and deuterium burning in the Pre-Main-Sequence phase of stellar evolution. This is the first pioneering experiment in quasi free regime where the charged spectator is detected. Both the energy dependence and the absolute value of the S(E) factors deviate by more than 15% from available direct data with new S(0) values of 57.4±1.8 MeVb for H3+p and 60.1±1.9 MeVb for He3+n. None of the existing fitting curves is able to provide the correct slope of the new data in the full range, thus calling for a revision of the theoretical description. This has consequences in the calculation of the reaction rates with more than a 25% increase at the temperatures of future fusion reactors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-115
Number of pages5
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 6 2011


  • Few-body physics
  • Nuclear astrophysics
  • Nucleosynthesis
  • Plasma physics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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    Tumino, A., Spitaleri, C., Mukhamedzhanov, A. M., Typel, S., Aliotta, M., Burjan, V., del Santo, M. G., Kiss, G. G., Kroha, V., Hons, Z., La Cognata, M., Lamia, L., Mrazek, J., Pizzone, R. G., Piskor, S., Rapisarda, G. G., Romano, S., Sergi, M. L., & Spartà, R. (2011). Low-energy d+d fusion reactions via the Trojan Horse Method. Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, 700(2), 111-115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2011.05.001