Loss of tolerance to gut immunity protein, glycoprotein 2 (GP2) is associated with progressive disease course in primary sclerosing cholangitis

Tamas Tornai, David Tornai, Nora Sipeki, Istvan Tornai, Rayan Alsulaimani, Kai Fechner, Dirk Roggenbuck, Gary L. Norman, Gabor Veres, Gabriella Par, Alajos Par, Ferenc Szalay, Peter Laszlo Lakatos, Peter Antal-Szalmas, Maria Papp

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Abstract

Glycoprotein 2[GP2] is a specific target of pancreatic autoantibodies[PAbs] in Crohn's disease(CD) and is involved in gut innate immunity processes. Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence and prognostic potential of PAbs in primary sclerosing cholangitis(PSC). Sixty-five PSC patients were tested for PAbs by indirect immunofluorescence and compared with healthy (n = 100) and chronic liver disease controls(CLD, n = 488). Additionally, a panel of anti-microbial antibodies and secretory (s)IgA levels were measured, as markers of bacterial translocation and immune dysregulation. PAbs were more frequent in PSC(46.2%) compared to controls(healthy:0% and CLD:4.5%), [P < 0.001, for each]. Occurrence of anti-GP2 antibody was 30.8% (20/65) and was exclusively of IgA isotype. Anti-GP2 IgA positive patients had higher sIgA levels (P = 0.021). With flow-cytometry, 68.4% (13/19) of anti-GP2 IgA antibodies were bound with secretory component, suggesting an active retro-transportation of anti-GP2 from the gut lumen to the mucosa. Anti-GP2 IgA was associated with shorter transplant-free survival [PLogRank < 0.01] during the prospective follow-up (median, IQR: 87 [9-99] months) and remained an independent predictor after adjusting for Mayo risk score(HR: 4.69 [1.05-21.04], P = 0.043). These results highlight the significance of gut-liver interactions in PSC. Anti-GP2 IgA might be a valuable tool for risk stratification in PSC and considered as a potential therapeutic target.

Original languageEnglish
Article number399
JournalScientific reports
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2018

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