Long-term survival and diversification of an endemic Melitaea species in mountains of Iran and adjacent areas

János P. Tóth, Z. Varga, Judit Bereczki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Disjunct distribution patterns regularly resulted in the separation of different genetic lineages in glacial refugia. Recent patterns of survival and expansion have been often revealed by climatic niche modelling. We used the combination of genetic markers, geometric morphometry and climatic niche modelling to clear up the taxonomy and reconstruct the potential range of an endemic Iranian, taxonomically disputed Melitaea species in climatically different epochs. Our results show that this species (Melitaea abbas Gross and Ebert 1975, comb. n. = M. zagrosi Tóth and Varga syn. nova) is clearly separated from all taxa of the Melitaea phoebe species group and only occurs in Iran and Azerbaijan but were also predicted for some adjacent regions. Molecular markers and distribution modelling show consistently that this species should have had a long-term survival in this area, and its range could have been slightly larger during the last glacial maximum than currently. Based on the studied molecular markers, three main groups in M. abbas can be recognized: those of steppic area of Azerbaijan, western Iran and northeastern Iran. Each group is characterized by own mitochondrial haplotypes, but also a high level of genetic diversity appears in the central part of the distribution area (Zagros Mts.).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-115
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research
Volume54
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2016

Fingerprint

Iran
endemic species
Azerbaijan
indigenous species
mountains
genetic markers
mountain
niches
Phoebe
Saturn
niche
Comb and Wattles
morphometry
modeling
refuge habitats
Genetic Markers
disjunct distribution
Haplotypes
haplotypes
genetic marker

Keywords

  • Bayesian phylogeny
  • Geometric morphometry
  • Last glacial maximum
  • MaxEnt
  • Mid-Holocene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Long-term survival and diversification of an endemic Melitaea species in mountains of Iran and adjacent areas. / Tóth, János P.; Varga, Z.; Bereczki, Judit.

In: Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, Vol. 54, No. 2, 01.05.2016, p. 106-115.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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