Local electrical tuning of the nonlocal signals in a Cooper pair splitter

G. Fülöp, S. D'Hollosy, A. Baumgartner, P. Makk, V. A. Guzenko, M. H. Madsen, J. Nygård, C. Schönenberger, S. Csonka

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Abstract

A Cooper pair splitter consists of a central superconducting contact, S, from which electrons are injected into two parallel, spatially separated quantum dots (QDs). This geometry as well as electron interactions can lead to correlated electrical currents due to the spatial separation of spin-singlet Cooper pairs from S. We present experiments on such a device with a series of bottom gates, which allows for spatially resolved tuning of the tunnel couplings between the QDs and the electrical contacts and between the two QDs. Our main findings are gate-induced transitions between positive conductance correlation in the QDs due to Cooper pair splitting and negative correlations due to QD dynamics. Using a semiclassical rate equation model we show that the experimental findings are consistent with in situ electrical tuning of the local and nonlocal quantum transport processes. In particular, we illustrate how the competition between Cooper pair splitting and local processes can be optimized in such hybrid nanostructures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number235412
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume90
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 4 2014

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Fülöp, G., D'Hollosy, S., Baumgartner, A., Makk, P., Guzenko, V. A., Madsen, M. H., Nygård, J., Schönenberger, C., & Csonka, S. (2014). Local electrical tuning of the nonlocal signals in a Cooper pair splitter. Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 90(23), [235412]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.90.235412