Living carbocationic polymerization of isobutylene and synthesis of ABA block copolymers by conventional laboratory techniques

Hanne Everland, Jørgen Kops, Anders Nielsen, Béla Iván

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Abstract

Living polymerization of isobutylene (IB) and subsequent controlled synthesis of ABA block copolymers, such as poly(styrene-b-isobutylene-b-styrene) (PSt-PIB-PSt) and poly(p-methylstyrene-b-isobutylene-b-p-methylstyrene) (PpMeSt-PIB-PpMeSt), have been carried out by a simple and inexpensive conventional laboratory technique. The homo- and block copolymers obtained by using this technique have exhibited excellent molecular weight control and low polydispersity indexes. The living nature of IB polymerization has been demonstrated by the incremental monomer addition (IMA) method with the dicumyl methyl ether (DiCumOMe)/TiCl4 initiating system in the presence of 2,5-di-tert-butylpyridine (D tBP) proton trap. PSt-PIB-PSt and PpMeSt-PIB-PpMeSt block copolymers have been synthesized by sequential monomer addition: first living difunctional polyisobutylene (PIB) midsegment was prepared by difunctional initiator, then the second monomer was added to the charge. High blocking efficiencies and desired block copolymer structures have been obtained.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-166
Number of pages8
JournalPolymer Bulletin
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 1993

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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