Liquid-liquid phase equilibria in polymer solutions and polymer mixtures

A. Imre, W. Alexander Van Hook, Bernhard A. Wolf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The pressure dependence of liquid-liquid equilibria in weakly interacting binary macromolecular systems (homopolymer solutions and blends) will be discussed. The common origin of the separate high-temperature/low-temperature and high-pressure/low-pressure branches of demixing curves will be demonstrated by extending the study into the region of metastable liquid states including the undercooled, overheated and stretched states (i.e. states at negative pressures). The seemingly different response of the UCST-branch of solutions and blends when pressurized (pressure induced mixing for most polymer solutions, pressure induced demixing for most blends) will be explained in terms of the location of a hypercritical point found either at positive (most solutions) or negative pressure (most blends). Further, it is shown that the pressure dependence of demixing of homopolymer solutions and blends may be described using a ,master-curve' which, however, is sometimes partly masked by degradation or by vapour-liquid and/or solid-liquid phase transitions. Experimental results demonstrating the extension of liquid-liquid phase boundary curves into the metastable regions will be presented, and the existence of solubility islands in the vicinity of the hypercritical points discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-372
Number of pages10
JournalMacromolecular Symposia
Volume181
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Fingerprint

Polymer solutions
Phase equilibria
Polymers
liquid phases
polymers
Liquids
liquids
pressure dependence
curves
Homopolymerization
solubility
low pressure
vapors
degradation
Phase boundaries
Solubility
Phase transitions
Vapors
Degradation
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Liquid-liquid phase equilibria in polymer solutions and polymer mixtures. / Imre, A.; Van Hook, W. Alexander; Wolf, Bernhard A.

In: Macromolecular Symposia, Vol. 181, 2002, p. 363-372.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Imre, A. ; Van Hook, W. Alexander ; Wolf, Bernhard A. / Liquid-liquid phase equilibria in polymer solutions and polymer mixtures. In: Macromolecular Symposia. 2002 ; Vol. 181. pp. 363-372.
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