Lipopolysaccharide treatment modifies pH- and cation-dependent ecto- ATPase activity of endothelial cells

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The aim of this study was to investigate the distribution pattern of Ca2+- and Mg2+-dependent ecto-ATPases on the surface of rat brain capillary endothelial cells (ECs) in control and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- treated animals. Ecto-ATPases in the membrane of vascular endothelial cells are suggested to play a crucial role in thromboregulation. Loss of this enzyme activity after oxidative stress and upregulation of the enzyme chain hydrolyzing extracellular ATP after transient forebrain ischemia have also been reported. We used histochemistry to localize the activities of this enzyme on ECs and found pH- and cation-dependent changes in the localization of enzyme activity both in control and in LPS-treated animals. These findings suggest the presence of more than one ecto-ATPase enzyme on the surface of rat capillary ECs. The different behavior of ECs after LPS treatment is the target of further investigations. The increased ecto-nucleotidase activity might play a role in nucleotide-mediated cellular responses after bacterial infections.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-399
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1999



  • CD39
  • Capillary endothelial cell
  • Ecto-ATPase
  • LPS treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology

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