Lipidy, wielonienasycone kwasy tłuszczowe oraz witaminy rozpuszczalne w tłuszczach u dzieci otyłych

Translated title of the contribution: Lipids, polyunsaturated fatty acids and lipid soluble vitamins in obese children

T. Decsi, D. Molnár, Berthold Koletzko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This review discusses the possible significance of the plasma values of the atherogenic lipids, cholesterol and triacylglycerol, the potentially prooxidant polyunsaturated fatty acids and the antioxidant vitamins α-tocopherol and β-carotene in obese children. As far as the atherogenic consequences of being overweight are concerned, one-fourth and more than one-third of the obese individuals exhibit mild hypercholestero- laemia and hypertriacylglycerolaemia already at teenager ages. Contribution of ω-6 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids - which are prone to lipid peroxidation - was found to be enhanced in obese as compared to nonobese children in one study. In contrast, availability of the most important lipid soluble antioxidant vitamins proved to be markedly reduced in obese subjects as compared to age-matched nonobese controls in several studies. The extent of α-tocopherol deficiency in obese children appears to be related to the degree of fasting hyperinsulinaemia, an indicator of tissue insulin resistance. The findings discussed in this review indicate that disturbances of lipid homeostasis are already present at young age in obese individuals who may benefit from modification of dietary fat and lipid soluble vitamin intakes.

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)109-113
Number of pages5
JournalPediatria Wspolczesna
Volume1
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Fingerprint

Unsaturated Fatty Acids
Vitamins
Lipids
Tocopherols
Antioxidants
Dietary Fats
Hyperinsulinism
Carotenoids
Hypercholesterolemia
Lipid Peroxidation
Insulin Resistance
Fasting
Triglycerides
Homeostasis
Cholesterol

Keywords

  • α-tocopherol
  • β-carotene
  • Cholesterol
  • Obese children
  • Polyunsaturated fatty acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Lipidy, wielonienasycone kwasy tłuszczowe oraz witaminy rozpuszczalne w tłuszczach u dzieci otyłych. / Decsi, T.; Molnár, D.; Koletzko, Berthold.

In: Pediatria Wspolczesna, Vol. 1, No. 2-3, 1999, p. 109-113.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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