Lipid composition in leaves of cucumber genotypes as affected by different temperature regimes and grafting

I. Horváth, L. Vigh, Ph R. van Hasselt, J. Woltjes, P. J.C. Kuiper

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Abstract

The lipid composition of leaves has been investigated in different genotypes of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.), which differ in temperature requirement for cultivation. In addition the effects of hardening by low but non‐chilling temperature, soil heating and grafting (on the chilling‐resistant C. ficifolia L.) on lipid composition have been studied. Content and composition of phospholipids and sterols were determined as well as phospholipid/sterol ratio, and fatty acid composition of total lipids and the different phospholipids. The effects of genetic differentiation and of the various culture treatments on lipid composition of the leaves were very different. Genetic differentiation was evident as higher levels of Iinolenic acid in several phospholipids in the more cold‐tolerant cultivars. Hardening the plants by low temperature resulted in a higher phospholipid level (especially phosphatidyl choline), more unsaturated phospholipid, and lowering of the sterol/phiospholipid ratio, all properties which may contribute to a higher membrane fluidity and lower growth temperature limit. Soil healing reduced the phospholipid level of the leaves slightly, and a higher content of 3‐trans‐hexadece‐noic acid in phosphatidyl glycerol was observed. Grafting cucumber on the cold‐resistant rootstock of C. ficifolia also raised the level of trans‐hexadecenoic acid in phosphatidyl glycerol. The role of this fatty acid in the functioning of the chloroplast is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)532-536
Number of pages5
JournalPhysiologia Plantarum
Volume57
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1983

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Keywords

  • Cucumis ficifolia,–Cucumis sativus
  • low temperature
  • root temperature
  • rootstock

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

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