Understanding how rating scale improvement corresponds to a clinical impression in patients with negative symptoms of schizophrenia may help define the clinical relevance of change in this patient population. We conducted post hoc equipercentile linking analyses of Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) outcomes (e.g., PANSS-Factor Score for Negative Symptoms [FSNS]) with Clinical Global Impressions-Improvement (CGI-I) and -Severity (CGI-S) ratings on data from patients treated with cariprazine (n = 227) or risperidone (n = 229) in a clinical study evaluating negative symptoms in schizophrenia. Patients were prospectively selected for persistent, predominant negative symptoms of schizophrenia (PNS), and minimal positive/depressive/extrapyramidal symptoms. Linking results demonstrated that greater improvement on PANSS-derived measures corresponded to clinical impressions of greater improvement, as measured by the CGI-I, and less severe disease states, as measured by the CGI-S. For example, CGI-S scores of 1 (normal), 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 (severely ill) corresponded to PANSS-FSNS scores of 7, 13, 19, 24, 29, and 35, respectively. Likewise, CGI-I scores of minimally improved, much improved, and very much improved corresponded to a change from baseline in PANSS-FSNS scores of −27%, −49%, and −100%, respectively. These are important findings for the interpretation of the results of trials in patients with persistent negative symptoms.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health