Joubert syndrome (JS) is an autosomal recessive developmental brain condition characterized by hypoplasia/dysplasia of the cerebellar vermis and by ataxia, hypotonia, oculomotor apraxia, and neonatal breathing dysregulation. A form of JS that includes retinal dysplasia and cystic dysplastic kidneys has been differentiated from other forms of JS, called either "JS type B" or "cerebello-oculo-renal syndrome" (CORS), but the genetic basis of this condition is unknown. Here, we describe three consanguineous families that display CORS. Linkage analysis defines a novel locus on chromosome 11p12-q13.3, with a maximum two-point LOD score of Z = 5.2 at the marker D11S1915. Therefore, the cerebello-oculo-renal form of JS is a distinct genetic entity from the Joubert syndrome 1 (JBTS1) locus described elsewhere, in which there is minimal involvement of retina or kidney. We suggest the term "CORS2" for this new locus.
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