Limitations of the use of plant material grown in Petri dishes for physiological experiments.

I. Tari, A. Szabó

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Roots of plants growing "aeroponically" (AP) on moistened filter paper in Petri dishes for a few days are fairly often used for physiological experiments (e.g. measurement of root growth), for ion or herbicide uptake tests, before the establishment of hydroponic or aseptic cultures although their hormonal status is markedly different from that of the hydroponic (HP) control. On the 4th day of germination the ethylene production of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L. cv. Budai csemege) roots growing in AP under controlled conditions increased considerably and exhibited a maximum curve, HP roots evolved ethylene much more constantly. The morphological changes in AP roots (e.g. inhibited elongation and swelling of primary roots, and increased formation of root hairs), resembling those caused by exogenously applied ethylene, can be prevented with 10(-5) M Ag+, an inhibitor of ethylene action. In roots of one-week-old AP seedlings, the amount of an acidic inhibitor, which as judged from the Rf values is likely to be abscisic acid (ABA), is about twice as high as in HP seedlings. An elevated ethylene or ABA level of AP roots may result in a reduced elongation of the primary roots. Counteraction of this inhibition by Ag+ suggests that the effect of ethylene is the primary event in the reduction of root length. When using plant material grown in Petri dishes the possibility of similar changes in hormonal status of the roots must be taken into consideration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)387-397
Number of pages11
JournalActa biologica Hungarica
Volume41
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Neurology

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