Light-Controllable Electroconvection Patterns in a Chiral Nematic Liquid Crystal

Hongzhen Jing, Ying Xiang, Mingya Xu, Everett Wang, Jing Wang, Nándor Éber, A. Buka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The influence of UV light-induced pitch contraction and dilation on the electroconvection patterns (ECPs) of a chiral nematic liquid crystal containing a photoresponsive chiral dopant is investigated in planar-aligned cells. It is observed that the helical twisting power of the dopant changes (even undergoes handedness inversion) under UV irradiation; consequently, the pitch and the direction of the convection rolls in ECPs (being either parallel with or perpendicular to the surface alignment) could be controlled by the UV intensity and the ac voltage. In contrast to traditional methods, where the pitch is modulated by electric or thermal fields, our method of applying a light field allows a remote and contactless manipulation of the pitch, which is easily detectable via the morphological changes of ECPs. The ability to control the orientation of ECPs by tuning the light intensity can conveniently be utilized as an optical grating, allowing switchable, dual-mode operation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number014028
JournalPhysical Review Applied
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 27 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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