Whole-mounts of 1-day-old chicken midgut were incubated with an antiserum against GABA-glutaraldehyde-BSA conjugate. The immunoreaction was visualized by using the peroxidase-antiperoxidase method, and processed for consecutive light and electronmicroscopic observation. GABA was selectively localized in some of the varicose and nonvaricose nerve fibres of the myenteric plexus. The varicose fibres formed dense networks within the myenteric ganglia, some of which - mainly in duodenum - also contained immunopositive nerve cell bodies. Some of the varicose fibres projected out from the myenteric plexus into the circular muscle layer. At the electronmicroscopic level, labelled axon terminals formed synaptic contact with unlabelled perikarya and vica versa. At the same time, no labelled terminals were found on immunostained cells. In a few cases, axon terminals with GABA positivity were situated close to the smooth muscle cells in the circular muscle layer, suggesting a prejunctional GABA effect on the neighbouring nerve terminals on the release of their transmitters.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)