Authors analysed 359 cases with Down's syndrome and congenital heart defects registered between 1974-1997 in Hungary. The total death rate was 19.9% (70 cases). Mortality in the operated group (85 cases) was 10.5% (9 patients), in the non-operated group (274 cases) 22.2% (61 patients). The death rate was lower in the group with early primary reconstruction (2.3%) than in the group with palliation + reconstruction (15.3%), or in the group with only palliative procedure (20%). These results indicate that the life expectancy of infants and children with Down's syndrome and congenital heart disease after early primary reconstructive procedure is the same as in Down syndrome patients without cardiac defects. The prognosis depends on the patient's social circumstances. The results after correct surgical procedure in patients with the same cardiac defect are similar to that of the patients with or without Down's syndrome.
|Translated title of the contribution||Life expectancy in Down syndrome infants and children with congenital heart defects, 1974-1997|
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 24 2000|
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