Left ventricular external subannular plication: An indirect off-pump mitral annuloplasty method in a canine model

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Abstract

Objective: Mitral annular dilatation in cardiomyopathy is due to left ventricular chamber enlargement. We hypothesized that the size of the mitral annulus could be "indirectly" reduced if the plicating sutures were placed externally into subannular myocardium. Methods: In healthy mongrel dogs, an off-pump technique to create external subannular plication was designed and implemented. The sutures were placed directly into the myocardium below the atrioventricular groove. In 14 dogs, the sutures were tightened with tourniquets, and after a 30-minute observation period the hearts were arrested. Subsequently the mitral annular size was measured with the tourniquets still tight and then released. In 6 dogs, circumflex coronary blood flow, coronary blood flow reserve, and left ventricular systolic function were also measured during experiments. Results: Subannular plication had no significant effect on the animals' hemodynamic stability, and it did not generate any arrhythmias. Suture tightening effectively reduced postmortem mitral annular diameter and circumference by 17% (30.8 ± 0.4 mm and 96.8 ± 1.1 mm vs 25.6 ± 0.4 mm and 80.4 ± 1.1 mm, respectively, P <.001) and mitral annular area by 31% (747 ± 17 mm2 vs 517 ± 14 mm2, P <.001). Circumflex coronary blood flow (39.0 ± 7.9 mL/min vs 37.2 ± 7.2 mL/min, P not significant) and left ventricular systolic function (dP/dtmax 1705 ± 237 mm Hg/s vs 1928 ± 330 mm Hg/s, P not significant) remained unchanged (n = 6). Conclusion: In healthy hearts, subannular ventricular plication resulted in a significant indirect mitral annular size reduction without compromising circumflex coronary blood flow or left ventricular systolic performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)977-982
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume126
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2003

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Mitral Valve Annuloplasty
Sutures
Canidae
Tourniquets
Dogs
Left Ventricular Function
Myocardium
Cardiomyopathies
Cardiac Arrhythmias
Dilatation
Hemodynamics
Observation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Surgery

Cite this

@article{7d40ac5607ef4787921b43ed8907f530,
title = "Left ventricular external subannular plication: An indirect off-pump mitral annuloplasty method in a canine model",
abstract = "Objective: Mitral annular dilatation in cardiomyopathy is due to left ventricular chamber enlargement. We hypothesized that the size of the mitral annulus could be {"}indirectly{"} reduced if the plicating sutures were placed externally into subannular myocardium. Methods: In healthy mongrel dogs, an off-pump technique to create external subannular plication was designed and implemented. The sutures were placed directly into the myocardium below the atrioventricular groove. In 14 dogs, the sutures were tightened with tourniquets, and after a 30-minute observation period the hearts were arrested. Subsequently the mitral annular size was measured with the tourniquets still tight and then released. In 6 dogs, circumflex coronary blood flow, coronary blood flow reserve, and left ventricular systolic function were also measured during experiments. Results: Subannular plication had no significant effect on the animals' hemodynamic stability, and it did not generate any arrhythmias. Suture tightening effectively reduced postmortem mitral annular diameter and circumference by 17{\%} (30.8 ± 0.4 mm and 96.8 ± 1.1 mm vs 25.6 ± 0.4 mm and 80.4 ± 1.1 mm, respectively, P <.001) and mitral annular area by 31{\%} (747 ± 17 mm2 vs 517 ± 14 mm2, P <.001). Circumflex coronary blood flow (39.0 ± 7.9 mL/min vs 37.2 ± 7.2 mL/min, P not significant) and left ventricular systolic function (dP/dtmax 1705 ± 237 mm Hg/s vs 1928 ± 330 mm Hg/s, P not significant) remained unchanged (n = 6). Conclusion: In healthy hearts, subannular ventricular plication resulted in a significant indirect mitral annular size reduction without compromising circumflex coronary blood flow or left ventricular systolic performance.",
author = "Andr{\'a}s Koll{\'a}r and V. K{\'e}kesi and P. So{\'o}s and A. Juh{\'a}sz-Nagy",
year = "2003",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1016/S0022-5223(03)00588-9",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Left ventricular external subannular plication

T2 - An indirect off-pump mitral annuloplasty method in a canine model

AU - Kollár, András

AU - Kékesi, V.

AU - Soós, P.

AU - Juhász-Nagy, A.

PY - 2003/10

Y1 - 2003/10

N2 - Objective: Mitral annular dilatation in cardiomyopathy is due to left ventricular chamber enlargement. We hypothesized that the size of the mitral annulus could be "indirectly" reduced if the plicating sutures were placed externally into subannular myocardium. Methods: In healthy mongrel dogs, an off-pump technique to create external subannular plication was designed and implemented. The sutures were placed directly into the myocardium below the atrioventricular groove. In 14 dogs, the sutures were tightened with tourniquets, and after a 30-minute observation period the hearts were arrested. Subsequently the mitral annular size was measured with the tourniquets still tight and then released. In 6 dogs, circumflex coronary blood flow, coronary blood flow reserve, and left ventricular systolic function were also measured during experiments. Results: Subannular plication had no significant effect on the animals' hemodynamic stability, and it did not generate any arrhythmias. Suture tightening effectively reduced postmortem mitral annular diameter and circumference by 17% (30.8 ± 0.4 mm and 96.8 ± 1.1 mm vs 25.6 ± 0.4 mm and 80.4 ± 1.1 mm, respectively, P <.001) and mitral annular area by 31% (747 ± 17 mm2 vs 517 ± 14 mm2, P <.001). Circumflex coronary blood flow (39.0 ± 7.9 mL/min vs 37.2 ± 7.2 mL/min, P not significant) and left ventricular systolic function (dP/dtmax 1705 ± 237 mm Hg/s vs 1928 ± 330 mm Hg/s, P not significant) remained unchanged (n = 6). Conclusion: In healthy hearts, subannular ventricular plication resulted in a significant indirect mitral annular size reduction without compromising circumflex coronary blood flow or left ventricular systolic performance.

AB - Objective: Mitral annular dilatation in cardiomyopathy is due to left ventricular chamber enlargement. We hypothesized that the size of the mitral annulus could be "indirectly" reduced if the plicating sutures were placed externally into subannular myocardium. Methods: In healthy mongrel dogs, an off-pump technique to create external subannular plication was designed and implemented. The sutures were placed directly into the myocardium below the atrioventricular groove. In 14 dogs, the sutures were tightened with tourniquets, and after a 30-minute observation period the hearts were arrested. Subsequently the mitral annular size was measured with the tourniquets still tight and then released. In 6 dogs, circumflex coronary blood flow, coronary blood flow reserve, and left ventricular systolic function were also measured during experiments. Results: Subannular plication had no significant effect on the animals' hemodynamic stability, and it did not generate any arrhythmias. Suture tightening effectively reduced postmortem mitral annular diameter and circumference by 17% (30.8 ± 0.4 mm and 96.8 ± 1.1 mm vs 25.6 ± 0.4 mm and 80.4 ± 1.1 mm, respectively, P <.001) and mitral annular area by 31% (747 ± 17 mm2 vs 517 ± 14 mm2, P <.001). Circumflex coronary blood flow (39.0 ± 7.9 mL/min vs 37.2 ± 7.2 mL/min, P not significant) and left ventricular systolic function (dP/dtmax 1705 ± 237 mm Hg/s vs 1928 ± 330 mm Hg/s, P not significant) remained unchanged (n = 6). Conclusion: In healthy hearts, subannular ventricular plication resulted in a significant indirect mitral annular size reduction without compromising circumflex coronary blood flow or left ventricular systolic performance.

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U2 - 10.1016/S0022-5223(03)00588-9

DO - 10.1016/S0022-5223(03)00588-9

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JO - Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery

JF - Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery

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