Layered double oxide (LDO) particle containing photoreactive hybrid layers with tunable superhydrophobic and photocatalytic properties

Ágota Deák, László Janovák, Edit Csapó, Ditta Ungor, I. Pálinkó, Sándor Puskás, Tibor Ördög, Tamás Ricza, I. Dékány

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)


Inorganic/organic hybrid layers have been prepared having superhydrophobic as well as photoreactive properties. The hybrid thin films with micro- and nanosized dual-scale surface roughness consist of ∼25 μm layered double oxide (LDO) photocatalyst particles and low surface energy poly(perfluorodecyl acrylate) [p(PFDAc)] fluoropolymer binder material. The application of [p(PFDAc)] resulted in the decrease in the surface free energy of the hydrophilic LDO. The structured surface LDO with ∼12% ZnO phase content were synthesized from layer double hydroxide (LDH) spheres. The determined excitation wavelength and the calculated band gap energy values were 386 nm and 3.23 eV, respectively. The hybrid thin films were prepared by a simple spray-coating method, which is a low-cost, fast and scalable film-forming technique. The surface roughness and also the wetting properties of the two-component hybrid layers proved to be finely adjustable by the LDO:fluoropolymer ratio. It was found that at 80–90 wt% LDO content, the thin films with a surface free energy value of ∼12 mJ/m2 displayed superhydrophobic behaviour (Θ > 150°) with satisfactory photocatalytic properties. This means special photoreactive surfaces with superhydrophobic properties instead of the conventional superhydropilic photocatalyst layers. According to the benzoic acid photodegradation test experiments of benzoic acid, the hybrid layers with 80–90 wt% LDO content photooxidized 22–24% of the initial test molecule concentration (0.17 g/L) under UV-A (λmax = 365 nm) illumination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)294-302
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Surface Science
Publication statusPublished - Dec 15 2016


  • Fluoropolymer
  • Layered double oxide (LDO)
  • Photoreactive hybrid layer
  • Selective wetting
  • Superhydrophobic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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