Laser-induced carbon plasma emission spectroscopic measurements on solid targets and in gas-phase optical breakdown

László Nemes, Anna M. Keszler, James O. Hornkohl, Christian G. Parigger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report measurements of time- and spatially averaged spontaneous-emission spectra following laserinduced breakdown on a solid graphite/ambient gas interface and on solid graphite in vacuum, and also emission spectra from gas-phase optical breakdown in allene C3H4 and helium, and in CO2 and helium mixtures. These emission spectra were dominated by CII (singly ionized carbon), CIII (doubly ionized carbon), hydrogen Balmer beta (Hβ), and Swan C2 band features. Using the local thermodynamic equilibrium and thin plasma assumptions, we derived electron number density and electron temperature estimates. The former was in the 10 16 cm-3 range, while the latter was found to be near 20000 K. In addition, the vibration-rotation temperature of the Swan bands of the C2 radical was determined to be between 4500 and 7000 K, using an exact theoretical model for simulating diatomic emission spectra. This temperature range is probably caused by the spatial inhomogeneity of the laser-induced plasma plume. Differences are pointed out in the role of ambient CO2 in a solid graphite target and in gas-phase breakdown plasma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3661-3667
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Optics
Volume44
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 20 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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