Purpose: To determine the associations between lysosomal-associated transmembrane protein 4b (LAPTM4B) gene copy number and response to different chemotherapy regimens in hormone receptor negative (HR-) primary breast carcinomas. Patients and methods: Two cohorts were analyzed: (1) 69 core biopsies from HR-breast carcinomas treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (anthracycline based in 72.5% of patients and non-anthracycline based in 27.5% of patients). (2) Tissue microarray (TMA) of 74 HR-breast carcinomas treated with adjuvant therapy (77.0% of the patients received anthracycline, 17.6% of the patients non-anthracycline-based therapy, and in 5.4% of the cases, no treatment data are available). Interphase FISH technique was applied on pretreatment core biopsies (cohort I) and on TMAs (cohort II) using custom-made dual-labelled FISH probes (LAPTM4B/CEN8q FISH probe Abnova Corp.). Results: In the neoadjuvant cohort in the anthracycline-treated group, we observed a significant difference (p = 0.029) of average LAPTM4B copy number between the non-responder and pathological complete responder groups (4.1 ± 1.1 vs. 2.6 ± 0.1). In the adjuvant setting, the anthracycline-treated group of metastatic breast carcinomas was characterized by higher LAPTM4B copy number comparing to the non-metastatic ones (p = 0.046). In contrast, in the non-anthracycline-treated group of patients, we did not find any LAPTM4B gene copy number differences between responder vs. non-responder groups or between metastatic vs. non-metastatic groups. Conclusion: Our results confirm the possible role of the LAPTM4B gene in anthracycline resistance in HR− breast cancer. Analyzing LAPTM4B copy number pattern may support future treatment decision.
- Anthracycline-based chemotherapy
- Breast carcinomas
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research
- Pharmacology (medical)