Laparoscopic Surgery for Epiphrenic Esophageal Diverticulum

László Andrási, Attila Paszt, Zsolt Simonka, Szabolcs Ábrahám, A. Rosztóczy, G. Lazar

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Abstract

Background and Objectives: We wanted to assess our surgical results focusing on the patients' quality of life. We present our experience with laparoscopic surgery for epiphrenic esophageal diverticulum. Short- and long-term results of surgical therapy were analyzed.

Methods: Eight patients were examined with a symptom-causing epiphrenic diverticulum. Patients underwent complex gastroenterologic examinations before and after surgery. Laparoscopic transhiatal epiphrenic diverticulectomy, Heller cardiomyotomy, and Dor anterior partial fundoplication were performed on 7 patients. One patient underwent only diverticulectomy, where no motility disorder was present. Results from surgical treatments and changes in patients' pre- and postoperative complaints were evaluated.

Results: In all cases except 1, the preoperative examination showed dysmotility of the esophagus. The average duration of the surgeries was 165 (130-195) minutes; blood loss was minimal. One patient developed bleeding in the early postoperative period, and a second laparoscopy was required. No other intraoperative complication was detected, and no mortality occurred. In one case, a staple line leak developed (1/8 [12.5%]), which was resolved with conservative therapy. Functional check-ups confirmed adequate esophageal function. The total symptom score for the patients was 6.3 points before surgery, and it decreased to 1.6 (P < .001) after surgery, an average of 74% subjective improvement. During the follow-up period (mean, 60 months; 10-138 months), proton pump inhibitor therapy was started in 4 patients to treat gastroesophageal reflux. In 3 cases, drug therapy was successful; in one case, Nissen antireflux surgery was performed.

Conclusion: Laparoscopic transhiatal diverticulectomy and Heller-Dor surgery are effective interventions with low morbidity. Patient quality of life significantly improves in the long term, but gastroesophageal reflux disease may occur.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJSLS : Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Epiphrenic esophageal diverticulum
  • Laparoscopic transhiatal surgery
  • Long-term results

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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