Evolución del paisaje y clima en Madagascar: Lavakización en relación con los datos de precipitación

Translated title of the contribution: Landscape evolution and climate in madagascar: Lavakization in the light of archive precipitation data

A. I. Szabó, A. Raveloson, B. Székely

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In Madagascar, soil erosion is significant even when it is compared to world averages. A resulting special geomorphic feature is a form of gully erosion known as lavaka that appears in the highlands of the country. Lavakization (the generation and development of these features) is due to rather unique multifactorial environmental conditions. Among many factors (geology, soil composition, human activities, etc.), the spatial and temporal distribution of precipitation is a key factor influencing the behaviour of lithology and the vegetation cover of the island. The inter-annual variability in precipitation seems to be responsible for the enhanced generation of small cracks that might eventually lead to the development of a gully. However, the way of the development of such gullies is unknown. To what extent the actual precipitation pattern contributes to the aforementioned phenomenon has not yet been studied in great detail. This paper aims to analyze lavaka distribution with GIS methods and to study the relation between lavaka density and climatic conditions. Study areas have  been designated throughout the country and lavakas have been identified using satellite imagery. Archive climate data of the study areas have been used to understand the influence of the weather on gully density. Data show that the spatial distribution of precipitation is connected to the appearance of lavakas to a given extent and its effect is further strengthened by the tropical cyclones. However, neither the amount of the precipitation, nor its variability alone can explain the h igh variation found in the spatial distribution of lavakas. Further multidisciplinary studies are necessary to draw conclusions about lavaka formation and to describe the process of lavaka development.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)181-204
Number of pages24
JournalCuadernos de Investigacion Geografica
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

data bank
Madagascar
landscape evolution
gully
climate
spatial distribution
erosion
gully erosion
tropical cyclone
temporal distribution
satellite imagery
vegetation cover
soil erosion
lithology
crack
human activity
GIS
environmental conditions
geology
weather

Keywords

  • Climate
  • Gully
  • Land degradation
  • Lavaka
  • Madagascar
  • Soil erosion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Geography, Planning and Development

Cite this

Evolución del paisaje y clima en Madagascar : Lavakización en relación con los datos de precipitación. / Szabó, A. I.; Raveloson, A.; Székely, B.

In: Cuadernos de Investigacion Geografica, Vol. 41, No. 1, 2015, p. 181-204.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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