Lambda measurement with Ga2O3

U. Lampe, M. Fleischer, H. Meixner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sensors based on high-temperature-stable semiconducting gallium oxide thin films may be used to monitor the composition of ot exhaust gases from internal combustion engines or furnace installations. The electrical d.c. conductance of these low-cost devices, operable in the temperature range 700-1000 °C, represents the sensor signal. Investigations have been performed in the laboratory, using a special gas-mixing system that supplies a mixture of the main components of real exhaust gas (N2, O2, CH4, CO, NO, water vapour) to produce a synthetic exhaust gas with very precisely defined composition. Additional investigations have been performed in real exhaust gas on an engine bench test-bed. In the temperature range 1000-900 °C the gallium oxide sensors respond to the oxygen partial pressure of the mixture's thermodynamic equilibirum. With knowledge of the fuel composition (carbon-hydrogen ratio), this yields a simple λ measurement for λ=1.2-0.85 with a resistance jump of about three decades at the stoichiometric point. The main mechanism in this temperature regime is a setting of the bulk defect equilibirum. At lower temperatures, the influence of surface-located mechanisms becomes more important: between 800 and 700 °C the jump at the stoichiometric points becomes smaller and broader, but there is still a monotonic λ dependency. At 600 °C or below, the monotonic λ dependency is lost.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-196
Number of pages10
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994

Fingerprint

exhaust gases
Exhaust gases
real gases
gallium oxides
sensors
Semiconducting gallium
Sensors
internal combustion engines
Temperature
Chemical analysis
test stands
seats
installing
furnaces
partial pressure
temperature
Steam
water vapor
engines
Gallium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Electrochemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Lambda measurement with Ga2O3. / Lampe, U.; Fleischer, M.; Meixner, H.

In: Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical, Vol. 17, No. 3, 1994, p. 187-196.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lampe, U. ; Fleischer, M. ; Meixner, H. / Lambda measurement with Ga2O3. In: Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical. 1994 ; Vol. 17, No. 3. pp. 187-196.
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