Laboratory investigations after eye drop immunisation of dromedaries with live attenuated Brucella melitensis rev 1 vaccine

U. Wernery, M. Gyuranecz, J. Kinne, R. Raghavan, G. Syriac, B. Johnson, Z. Kreizinger, B. Dénes, O. Felde, T. Magyar, Sh Jose, S. Raja, J. John, R. Wernery

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Abstract

The present study describes the laboratory investigations after a single right eye drop (3.1 x 109 CFU live bacteria) immunisation of 6 dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius) with live attenuated B. melitensis Rev 1 vaccine. The experiment was conducted over a period of 5 months. The vaccine strain was isolated for 16 days from only the right eye of the vaccinated dromedaries, but not from the left eye and both nostrils. Similar pattern of results was obtained by polymerase chain reaction. It was negative for the left eye, both nostrils (except for one dromedary) and for EDTA blood and serum. All vaccinated dromedaries seroconverted from day 16 after vaccination until 4 months shown by Rose-Bengal test and slide-agglutination test. No serological reactions were found after 5 months. The complement fixation test remained negative throughout the experiment. Information about the vaccination against brucellosis in camels, the within host disperse of the vaccine strain and the serological response are scarce. The experiment provided basic data about the feasibility of Brucevac conjunctival vaccine in camels. However, to prove if the immunised dromedaries acquired a lifelong immunity against brucellosis, pregnant vaccinated dromedaries need to be challenged with a field B. melitensis strain. We also recommend changing the conjunctival vaccination route to subcutaneous or intramuscular to prevent accidental infection due to B. melitensis vaccine strain excreted by lacrimation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-14
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Camel Practice and Research
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2017

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Keywords

  • Brucella melitensis Rev 1
  • Dromedary brucellosis
  • Eye drop vaccination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

Cite this

Wernery, U., Gyuranecz, M., Kinne, J., Raghavan, R., Syriac, G., Johnson, B., Kreizinger, Z., Dénes, B., Felde, O., Magyar, T., Jose, S., Raja, S., John, J., & Wernery, R. (2017). Laboratory investigations after eye drop immunisation of dromedaries with live attenuated Brucella melitensis rev 1 vaccine. Journal of Camel Practice and Research, 24(1), 9-14. https://doi.org/10.5958/2277-8934.2017.00002.9