Knowledge and opinion of pharmacists on emergency contraceptive pills in Hungary

Melinda Vanya, Maria Matuz, R. Benkó, Reka Viola, Attila Horvath-Sziklai, Gyongyvér Soos, Gyorgy Bartfai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) are used to prevent unintended pregnancy. There is a worldwide intention to improve access to ECPs; therefore, identifying potential barriers to introducing over-the counter (OTC) access is of utmost importance. As pharmacists are the key personnel to convey accurate drug information, their knowledge and attitude on ECPs is important. Objective We aimed to conduct a nationwide study to assess pharmacists’ knowledge on ECPs and to survey their opinion on sales category change of ECPs (i.e. to introduce OTC access in pharmacies). Setting Registered pharmacists in Hungary. Method A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted with an anonymous, web-based questionnaire. Univariate analysis (Mann–Whitney U test and Fischer’s exact test) was used to identify factors associated with supportive opinion toward OTC provision. Main outcome measure Knowledge level of pharmacists, proportion of pharmacists with supportive opinion on OTC access. Results 357 out of 2019 pharmacists completed the questionnaire, yielding a 17.7% response rate. Almost 30% of pharmacists (N = 99) agreed that ECPs should have an OTC availability in Hungary. More than 40% of pharmacists (N = 145) considered ECPs as contraceptives. On average, 55.18% (standard deviation: ±12.40%) of the answers were correct, showing moderate knowledge of the pharmacists. Age and rating ECPs as contraceptives were significantly associated with supportive opinion toward OTC provision (p < 0.001). The effect of knowledge on the pharmacist’s opinion was significant in young pharmacists (p = 0.02). Conclusion Pharmacists’ knowledge and opinion on ECPs should be improved, especially that of the young ones. Currently the attitude of pharmacists does not favor sales category changes of ECPs in Hungary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Mar 27 2017

Fingerprint

Postcoital Contraceptives
Hungary
Pharmacists
Contraceptive Agents
Sales
Pharmacies

Keywords

  • Emergency contraceptives
  • Hungary
  • Knowledge
  • Opinion
  • OTC
  • Pharmacists
  • Questionnaire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacy
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Knowledge and opinion of pharmacists on emergency contraceptive pills in Hungary. / Vanya, Melinda; Matuz, Maria; Benkó, R.; Viola, Reka; Horvath-Sziklai, Attila; Soos, Gyongyvér; Bartfai, Gyorgy.

In: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy, 27.03.2017, p. 1-7.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vanya, Melinda ; Matuz, Maria ; Benkó, R. ; Viola, Reka ; Horvath-Sziklai, Attila ; Soos, Gyongyvér ; Bartfai, Gyorgy. / Knowledge and opinion of pharmacists on emergency contraceptive pills in Hungary. In: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy. 2017 ; pp. 1-7.
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abstract = "Background Emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) are used to prevent unintended pregnancy. There is a worldwide intention to improve access to ECPs; therefore, identifying potential barriers to introducing over-the counter (OTC) access is of utmost importance. As pharmacists are the key personnel to convey accurate drug information, their knowledge and attitude on ECPs is important. Objective We aimed to conduct a nationwide study to assess pharmacists’ knowledge on ECPs and to survey their opinion on sales category change of ECPs (i.e. to introduce OTC access in pharmacies). Setting Registered pharmacists in Hungary. Method A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted with an anonymous, web-based questionnaire. Univariate analysis (Mann–Whitney U test and Fischer’s exact test) was used to identify factors associated with supportive opinion toward OTC provision. Main outcome measure Knowledge level of pharmacists, proportion of pharmacists with supportive opinion on OTC access. Results 357 out of 2019 pharmacists completed the questionnaire, yielding a 17.7{\%} response rate. Almost 30{\%} of pharmacists (N = 99) agreed that ECPs should have an OTC availability in Hungary. More than 40{\%} of pharmacists (N = 145) considered ECPs as contraceptives. On average, 55.18{\%} (standard deviation: ±12.40{\%}) of the answers were correct, showing moderate knowledge of the pharmacists. Age and rating ECPs as contraceptives were significantly associated with supportive opinion toward OTC provision (p < 0.001). The effect of knowledge on the pharmacist’s opinion was significant in young pharmacists (p = 0.02). Conclusion Pharmacists’ knowledge and opinion on ECPs should be improved, especially that of the young ones. Currently the attitude of pharmacists does not favor sales category changes of ECPs in Hungary.",
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AB - Background Emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) are used to prevent unintended pregnancy. There is a worldwide intention to improve access to ECPs; therefore, identifying potential barriers to introducing over-the counter (OTC) access is of utmost importance. As pharmacists are the key personnel to convey accurate drug information, their knowledge and attitude on ECPs is important. Objective We aimed to conduct a nationwide study to assess pharmacists’ knowledge on ECPs and to survey their opinion on sales category change of ECPs (i.e. to introduce OTC access in pharmacies). Setting Registered pharmacists in Hungary. Method A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted with an anonymous, web-based questionnaire. Univariate analysis (Mann–Whitney U test and Fischer’s exact test) was used to identify factors associated with supportive opinion toward OTC provision. Main outcome measure Knowledge level of pharmacists, proportion of pharmacists with supportive opinion on OTC access. Results 357 out of 2019 pharmacists completed the questionnaire, yielding a 17.7% response rate. Almost 30% of pharmacists (N = 99) agreed that ECPs should have an OTC availability in Hungary. More than 40% of pharmacists (N = 145) considered ECPs as contraceptives. On average, 55.18% (standard deviation: ±12.40%) of the answers were correct, showing moderate knowledge of the pharmacists. Age and rating ECPs as contraceptives were significantly associated with supportive opinion toward OTC provision (p < 0.001). The effect of knowledge on the pharmacist’s opinion was significant in young pharmacists (p = 0.02). Conclusion Pharmacists’ knowledge and opinion on ECPs should be improved, especially that of the young ones. Currently the attitude of pharmacists does not favor sales category changes of ECPs in Hungary.

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