Knowing the past improves cooperation in the future

Zsuzsa Danku, Matjaž Perc, A. Szolnoki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cooperation is the cornerstone of human evolutionary success. Like no other species, we champion the sacrifice of personal benefits for the common good, and we work together to achieve what we are unable to achieve alone. Knowledge and information from past generations is thereby often instrumental in ensuring we keep cooperating rather than deteriorating to less productive ways of coexistence. Here we present a mathematical model based on evolutionary game theory that shows how using the past as the benchmark for evolutionary success, rather than just current performance, significantly improves cooperation in the future. Interestingly, the details of just how the past is taken into account play only second-order importance, whether it be a weighted average of past payoffs or just a single payoff value from the past. Cooperation is promoted because information from the past disables fast invasions of defectors, thus enhancing the long-term benefits of cooperative behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Article number262
JournalScientific Reports
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2019

Fingerprint

Game Theory
Benchmarking
Social Justice
Cooperative Behavior
Theoretical Models

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Knowing the past improves cooperation in the future. / Danku, Zsuzsa; Perc, Matjaž; Szolnoki, A.

In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 9, No. 1, 262, 01.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Danku, Zsuzsa ; Perc, Matjaž ; Szolnoki, A. / Knowing the past improves cooperation in the future. In: Scientific Reports. 2019 ; Vol. 9, No. 1.
@article{846a7d78b85e4fa7b7e8f1db25826ed3,
title = "Knowing the past improves cooperation in the future",
abstract = "Cooperation is the cornerstone of human evolutionary success. Like no other species, we champion the sacrifice of personal benefits for the common good, and we work together to achieve what we are unable to achieve alone. Knowledge and information from past generations is thereby often instrumental in ensuring we keep cooperating rather than deteriorating to less productive ways of coexistence. Here we present a mathematical model based on evolutionary game theory that shows how using the past as the benchmark for evolutionary success, rather than just current performance, significantly improves cooperation in the future. Interestingly, the details of just how the past is taken into account play only second-order importance, whether it be a weighted average of past payoffs or just a single payoff value from the past. Cooperation is promoted because information from the past disables fast invasions of defectors, thus enhancing the long-term benefits of cooperative behavior.",
author = "Zsuzsa Danku and Matjaž Perc and A. Szolnoki",
year = "2019",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1038/s41598-018-36486-x",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Scientific Reports",
issn = "2045-2322",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Knowing the past improves cooperation in the future

AU - Danku, Zsuzsa

AU - Perc, Matjaž

AU - Szolnoki, A.

PY - 2019/12/1

Y1 - 2019/12/1

N2 - Cooperation is the cornerstone of human evolutionary success. Like no other species, we champion the sacrifice of personal benefits for the common good, and we work together to achieve what we are unable to achieve alone. Knowledge and information from past generations is thereby often instrumental in ensuring we keep cooperating rather than deteriorating to less productive ways of coexistence. Here we present a mathematical model based on evolutionary game theory that shows how using the past as the benchmark for evolutionary success, rather than just current performance, significantly improves cooperation in the future. Interestingly, the details of just how the past is taken into account play only second-order importance, whether it be a weighted average of past payoffs or just a single payoff value from the past. Cooperation is promoted because information from the past disables fast invasions of defectors, thus enhancing the long-term benefits of cooperative behavior.

AB - Cooperation is the cornerstone of human evolutionary success. Like no other species, we champion the sacrifice of personal benefits for the common good, and we work together to achieve what we are unable to achieve alone. Knowledge and information from past generations is thereby often instrumental in ensuring we keep cooperating rather than deteriorating to less productive ways of coexistence. Here we present a mathematical model based on evolutionary game theory that shows how using the past as the benchmark for evolutionary success, rather than just current performance, significantly improves cooperation in the future. Interestingly, the details of just how the past is taken into account play only second-order importance, whether it be a weighted average of past payoffs or just a single payoff value from the past. Cooperation is promoted because information from the past disables fast invasions of defectors, thus enhancing the long-term benefits of cooperative behavior.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85060375536&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85060375536&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/s41598-018-36486-x

DO - 10.1038/s41598-018-36486-x

M3 - Article

C2 - 30670732

AN - SCOPUS:85060375536

VL - 9

JO - Scientific Reports

JF - Scientific Reports

SN - 2045-2322

IS - 1

M1 - 262

ER -