Kinetics of the Methyl-Vinyl Radical + O 2 Reactions Associated with Propene Oxidation

Satya P. Joshi, Timo T. Pekkanen, Raimo S. Timonen, G. Lendvay, Arkke J. Eskola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The bimolecular rate coefficients of reactions CH 3 CCH 2 + O 2 (1) and cis/trans-CH 3 CHCH + O 2 (2a/3a) have been measured using a tubular laminar flow reactor coupled with a photoionization mass spectrometer (PIMS). These reactions are relevant in the combustion of propene. Pulsed excimer laser photolysis of a ketone or a bromide precursor molecule at 193 or 248 nm wavelength was used to produce radicals of interest homogeneously along the reactor. Time-resolved experiments were performed under pseudo-first-order conditions at low pressure (0.3-1.5 Torr) over the temperature range 220-660 K. The measured bimolecular rate coefficients were found to be independent of bath gas concentration. The bimolecular rate coefficients possess negative temperature dependence at low temperatures (T < 420 K) and appear to be independent of temperature at high temperatures (T > 420 K). Observed products of the reaction CH 3 CCH 2 + O 2 were CH 3 and H 2 CO, while for the reaction cis/trans-CH 3 CHCH + O 2 , observed products were CH 3 CHO and HCO. Current results indicate that the reaction mechanism of both reactions is analogous to that of C 2 H 3 + O 2 . Methyl substitution of the vinyl radical changes its reactivity toward O 2 upward by ca. 50% if it involves the α-position and downward by ca. 30% if the methyl group takes either of the β-positions, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)999-1006
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume123
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 7 2019

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vinyl radical
methylidyne
Negative temperature coefficient
Oxidation
Photoionization
oxidation
Kinetics
Photolysis
kinetics
Excimer lasers
Mass spectrometers
Carbon Monoxide
Ketones
Pulsed lasers
Bromides
Laminar flow
Substitution reactions
Gases
Wavelength
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Kinetics of the Methyl-Vinyl Radical + O 2 Reactions Associated with Propene Oxidation . / Joshi, Satya P.; Pekkanen, Timo T.; Timonen, Raimo S.; Lendvay, G.; Eskola, Arkke J.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Vol. 123, No. 5, 07.02.2019, p. 999-1006.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Joshi, Satya P. ; Pekkanen, Timo T. ; Timonen, Raimo S. ; Lendvay, G. ; Eskola, Arkke J. / Kinetics of the Methyl-Vinyl Radical + O 2 Reactions Associated with Propene Oxidation In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 2019 ; Vol. 123, No. 5. pp. 999-1006.
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