The bimolecular rate coefficients of reactions CH 3 CCH 2 + O 2 (1) and cis/trans-CH 3 CHCH + O 2 (2a/3a) have been measured using a tubular laminar flow reactor coupled with a photoionization mass spectrometer (PIMS). These reactions are relevant in the combustion of propene. Pulsed excimer laser photolysis of a ketone or a bromide precursor molecule at 193 or 248 nm wavelength was used to produce radicals of interest homogeneously along the reactor. Time-resolved experiments were performed under pseudo-first-order conditions at low pressure (0.3-1.5 Torr) over the temperature range 220-660 K. The measured bimolecular rate coefficients were found to be independent of bath gas concentration. The bimolecular rate coefficients possess negative temperature dependence at low temperatures (T < 420 K) and appear to be independent of temperature at high temperatures (T > 420 K). Observed products of the reaction CH 3 CCH 2 + O 2 were CH 3 and H 2 CO, while for the reaction cis/trans-CH 3 CHCH + O 2 , observed products were CH 3 CHO and HCO. Current results indicate that the reaction mechanism of both reactions is analogous to that of C 2 H 3 + O 2 . Methyl substitution of the vinyl radical changes its reactivity toward O 2 upward by ca. 50% if it involves the α-position and downward by ca. 30% if the methyl group takes either of the β-positions, respectively.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry