Kinetics of Ternary Complex Formation with the (Nitrilotriacetato)copper(II) Complex

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Ligand substitution reactions of the (nitrilotriacetato)copper(II) complex (CuNTA) with simple mono- and bidentate ligands (L) have been investigated by making use of the temperature-jump relaxation technique. At 25 °C, the forward rate constants for reaction CuNTA + L = CuNTA(L) are as follows: L = NH3, 1.5 × 108 M−1 s−1; L = CH3NH2, 3.4 × 107 M−1 s−1; L = glycinate, 1.1 × 108 M−1 s−1; L = α-alaninate, 4.9 × 107 M−1 s−1; L = β-alaninate, 3.8 × 107 M−1 s−1; L = 2,2′-bipyridine, 1.2 × 106 M−1 s−1; L = 1,10-phenanthroline, 2.2 × 105 M−1 s−1. The rate constants for the reactions of the zwitterion form of glycine and α-alanine, CuNTA + HL± = CuNTA(L)2− + H+, are 1.6 × 103 M−1 s−1 and 1.8 × 103 M−1 s−1, respectively. It was concluded that the reactions of the aliphatic ligands proceed through a dissociative interchange mechanism in which the axial coordination of the entering ligand is the rate-determining step. The unusually slow reactions with the aromatic ligands have been interpreted in terms of steric interference between the coordinated and entering ligands.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1184-1190
Number of pages7
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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