Kinetics of fluid spreading on viscoelastic substrates

Daisaku Kaneko, Jian Ping Gong, Miklós Zríimyi, Yoshihito Osada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The spontaneous spreading of non-film-forming fluids on the surfaces of aqueous solutions of poly(2-acrylamido-2-methyl-propanesulfonic acid) and its chemically crosslinked gels was studied. The experiments were performed in the same concentration range for the solutions and gels, far above the overlap concentration of the polymer solutions. The leading edge (R) of the spreading liquid showed a power-law behavior with time t: R = K(t + c)α, where α is the spreading exponent and K is the spreading prefactor. α and K were significantly different for the polymer solutions and gels. Here c was a constant that depended on the initial conditions of the spreading liquids. Depending on the polymer concentration, α of the polymer solutions varied between the upper (3/4) and lower (1/10) theoretical limits for viscose liquids and solids, respectively. This indicates that no universal scaling law exists for the spreading process on viscoelastic surfaces. On the polymer gels, which were elastic substrates, universal values of α could be observed and could be expressed as R = (t + c)0.45 and R ∝ (t + c)0.3 for miscible and nonmiscible spreading liquids, respectively; they showed no dependence on the polymer concentration or network mesh size. This shows that on an elastic gel surface, spreading is more or less similar to that on a solid surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)562-572
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
Volume43
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2005

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Keywords

  • Gels
  • Hydrogels
  • Rheology
  • Surfaces
  • Viscoelastic properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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