Kinetic and equilibrium separation of Co and Co2 by impregnated spherical carbons

Orsolya Czakkel, György Onyestyák, George Pilatos, Vangelis Kouvelos, Nick Kanellopoulos, Krisztina László

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The surface of microporous spherical carbon was modified by nitric acid treatment and impregnation with Cu2+ and Sn2+ salts. The transport dynamics of CO2 and CO were investigated by the batch-type frequency resonance method. High-pressure CO2 and CO adsorption/desorption isotherms of the samples were measured gravimetrically in the pressure range 0-2 MPa (0-20,000 mbar), at 273, 291 and 298 K. The separation efficiency of the spherical carbon samples was evaluated on the basis of their kinetic and equilibrium performance. The high kinetic separation factor, 33, was attained, with the oxidized samples, demonstrating that oxidation enhances the interaction with CO2. Cu impregnation influences only the Co kinetics, Sn while increases the response time by a factor of five for both gases. The equilibrium separation factor, defined by the isobaric ratio of the CO2 and CO uptakes, varies between 2.8 and 8.5, and depends on the temperature and the pressure range applied.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-83
Number of pages8
JournalMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials
Volume120
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2009

Keywords

  • Cu-impregnation
  • Metal containing carbon
  • Sn-impregnation
  • Spherical carbon
  • Surface treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials

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