We carried out a kinetic analysis of the light-induced fluorescence quenching (ΔF) of the light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b pigment-protein complex of photosystem II (LHCII) that was first observed by Jennings et al. (Photosynth. Res. 27, 57-64, 1991). We show that during a 2 min light, 2 min dark cycle, both the light and dark phases exhibit biexponential kinetics; this is tentatively explained by the presence of two types of light-induced quenchers in different domains of aggregated LHCII. Quantitative analysis could be carried out on the faster kinetic component; the slower component that was not completed during the measurement was not amenable for quantitative analysis. Our analysis revealed that the rate of the light-induced decrease of the fluorescence yield depended linearly on the light intensity, which shows that the generation of the quencher originates from a reaction that is first order with respect to the concentration of the excited domains. As shown by the estimated rate constant, photogeneration of the quencher is a fast reaction that can compete with other excitation-relaxation pathways. Both the decay and the recovery time constants of ΔF depended strongly on the temperature. Thermodynamic analysis showed that the fast light-induced decline in the fluorescence was determined by a low fraction of the excited states. Recovery was associated with large decrease in the entropy of activation that indicated the involvement of large structural rearrangements. Macroaggregated LHCII exhibited larger ΔF than small aggregates, which is consistent with the proposed role of aggregated LHCII in thylakoid membranes in nonphotochemical quenching.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Photochemistry and Photobiology|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 1 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry