Jumping and falling death in children, adolescents, and young adults

Klára Töro, Nóra Szlávik, Árpád Mészáros, György Dunay, Margit Soós, E. Keller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Evaluation of fatal jumps and falls from height in children, adolescents and young adults needs careful medico-legal investigation. The aim of this study was to examine the distribution of undetermined falling from height, accidental falling, and suicidal jumping cases between 1990-2003. Methods: Copies of death certificates relating to falling from height and jumping deaths in Hungarian youths from the ages of 0-24 years of those resident in Hungary were obtained. Results: 215 (34.1%) accidental falls, 394 (62.6%) suicidal jumping, and 21 (3.3%) undetermined intent were investigated. A significant increase was detected in suicidal jumping death in the age group of 15-19 years (OR = 0.7, CI = 0.49-0.98, p = 0.039), and in the age group of 20-24 years (OR = 0.72, CI = 0.54-0.96, p = 0.025) in the most recent 5 year study period. Conclusion: Data concerning the scene investigation, detailed forensic autopsy, and family history have important role in the differentiation of fatal jumping or falling cases. Further investigation about the characteristics injuries may help the final determination of violent death causes at youth, and more effort should be directed to an effective prevention strategy for jumping or falling death cases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-134
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Forensic Medicine
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2006

Fingerprint

Accidental Falls
young adult
Young Adult
adolescent
death
Age Groups
age group
Death Certificates
Hungary
Autopsy
genealogy
Hungarian
certification
resident
Wounds and Injuries
cause
evaluation

Keywords

  • Accident
  • Homicide
  • Jumping from height
  • Suicide
  • Youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Jumping and falling death in children, adolescents, and young adults. / Töro, Klára; Szlávik, Nóra; Mészáros, Árpád; Dunay, György; Soós, Margit; Keller, E.

In: Journal of Clinical Forensic Medicine, Vol. 13, No. 3, 04.2006, p. 129-134.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Töro, Klára ; Szlávik, Nóra ; Mészáros, Árpád ; Dunay, György ; Soós, Margit ; Keller, E. / Jumping and falling death in children, adolescents, and young adults. In: Journal of Clinical Forensic Medicine. 2006 ; Vol. 13, No. 3. pp. 129-134.
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