Lovak olasz szerbtövis (Xanthium italicum) okozta mé rgezése

Translated title of the contribution: Italian cocklebur (Xanthium italicum) poisoning of horses

B. Fazekas, Bajmócy Endre, Orosz Eniko, Glávits Robert, Sályi Gábor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The authors diagnosed poisoning in a stock of horses in Northern Hungary, caused by Italian cocklebur. 11 of the 23 horses in the stock suddenly died. During the clinical examination of the sick animals, colicky restlessness, rolling on the ground and symptoms of dyspnoe were observed. The pathological examination revealed expanded stomachs full to the point of stretching with relatively dry content consisting of rough fodder, maize, wheat, chaff, sunflower screenings and the crop of Italian cocklebur (Xanthium italicum Mor.), as well as enlarged and pale brown coloured livers and pulmonary oedema. In the course of histopathological examination, vacuolar degeneration and in some places necrosis of liver cells (acute liver dystrophy) were observed. Infectious diseases and poisoning by pesticides were excluded by way of microbiological and toxicological examinations. The fodder fed to the horses consisted 6.9% of Italian cocklebur. Laboratory mice were fed on the stomach content of the horses, the fodder and crop of Italian cocklebur, and were also inoculated with the bacterium free filtrate of the aqueous extract from the crop. The inoculated mice died in 1 day, while those fed on the above material, between 1 and 9 days. Severe, extensive, acute centrilobular dystrophy (centrilobular hepatocellular necrosis) was found in the livers of the dead mice. The type of liver damage in the horse corpses was identical with the liver degeneration found in the experimental animals, which confirmed the diagnosis of Italian cocklebur poisoning.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)259-263
Number of pages5
JournalMagyar Allatorvosok Lapja
Volume130
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Fingerprint

Xanthium
Xanthium strumarium var. canadense
Poisoning
Horses
poisoning
crop (digestive system)
horses
liver
Liver
forage
mice
necrosis
stomach
Necrosis
chaff
filtrates
Psychomotor Agitation
Gastrointestinal Contents
Hungary
Helianthus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Fazekas, B., Endre, B., Eniko, O., Robert, G., & Gábor, S. (2008). Lovak olasz szerbtövis (Xanthium italicum) okozta mé rgezése. Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja, 130(5), 259-263.

Lovak olasz szerbtövis (Xanthium italicum) okozta mé rgezése. / Fazekas, B.; Endre, Bajmócy; Eniko, Orosz; Robert, Glávits; Gábor, Sályi.

In: Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja, Vol. 130, No. 5, 2008, p. 259-263.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fazekas, B, Endre, B, Eniko, O, Robert, G & Gábor, S 2008, 'Lovak olasz szerbtövis (Xanthium italicum) okozta mé rgezése', Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja, vol. 130, no. 5, pp. 259-263.
Fazekas, B. ; Endre, Bajmócy ; Eniko, Orosz ; Robert, Glávits ; Gábor, Sályi. / Lovak olasz szerbtövis (Xanthium italicum) okozta mé rgezése. In: Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja. 2008 ; Vol. 130, No. 5. pp. 259-263.
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