It background of the medium-term storage of martonvásár cereal genebank resources in phytotron cold rooms

C. Kuti, L. Láng, M. Megyeri, J. Bányai, Z. Bedo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Genebanks are storage facilities designed to maintain the plant genetic resources of crop varieties (and their wild relatives) and to ensure that they are made available and distributed for use by plant breeders, researchers and farmers. The Martonvásár Cereal Genebank (MV-CGB) collection evolved from the working collections of local breeders and consists predominantly of local and regional materials. Established in 1992 by the Agricultural Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (Bedo, 2009), MVCGB with its over 10,000 accessions of the major species (Triticum, Aegilops, Agropyron, Elymus, Thinopyrum, Pseudoroegneria, Secale, Hordeum, Avena, Zea mays), became one of the approx. 80 cereal germplasm collections that exist globally. In Martonvásár breeding is underway on a number of cereal species, and large numbers of genotypes are tested each year in the field and under laboratory conditions. The increasing size of the research programmes assisted by a modern genebank background involve an enormous increase in the quantity of data that must be handled during research activities such as traditional breeding, pre-breeding and organic breeding. A computerized system is of primary importance to synchronize breeding and genebank activities, to monitor the quality and quantity of seed accessions in cold storage, to assist the registration of samples, and to facilitate characterization, regeneration and germplasm distribution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-77
Number of pages7
JournalActa Agronomica Hungarica
Volume61
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2013

Keywords

  • Agroinformatics
  • Barcodes
  • Breeding software
  • Genebank database

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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