Isotropic and anisotropic electroconvection

A. Buka, Nándor Éber, Werner Pesch, Lorenz Kramer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A systematic overview of various electric-field induced pattern forming instabilities in nematic liquid crystals is given. The standard hydrodynamic description of nematics predicts the occurrence of striped patterns (rolls) in various wavenumber ranges, which depend on the anisotropy of the dielectric permittivity and that of the electrical conductivity as well as on the initial director orientation (planar or homeotropic). We discuss in detail three basic configurations with emphasis on the characterization of the threshold voltage and the critical wavenumber of the resulting patterns. Some features of the weakly nonlinear behavior are also addressed. Experimental exploration of additional pattern types, not captured by the standard model of electroconvection, is also presented. The impact of flexoelectricity as a possible explanation of the nonstandard EC patterns is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-132
Number of pages18
JournalPhysics Reports
Volume448
Issue number5-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2007

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threshold voltage
liquid crystals
hydrodynamics
occurrences
permittivity
anisotropy
electrical resistivity
electric fields
configurations

Keywords

  • Anisotropy
  • Electroconvection
  • Nematic liquid crystal
  • Pattern

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Isotropic and anisotropic electroconvection. / Buka, A.; Éber, Nándor; Pesch, Werner; Kramer, Lorenz.

In: Physics Reports, Vol. 448, No. 5-6, 08.2007, p. 115-132.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Buka, A, Éber, N, Pesch, W & Kramer, L 2007, 'Isotropic and anisotropic electroconvection', Physics Reports, vol. 448, no. 5-6, pp. 115-132. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physrep.2007.02.013
Buka, A. ; Éber, Nándor ; Pesch, Werner ; Kramer, Lorenz. / Isotropic and anisotropic electroconvection. In: Physics Reports. 2007 ; Vol. 448, No. 5-6. pp. 115-132.
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