Isolation of chicken anaemia virus from broiler chickens.

T. Farkas, C. Drén, I. Németh, M. Dobos-Kovács, J. Povazsán, E. Sághy

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Abstract

Chicken anaemia virus (CAV) infection was demonstrated, by both serology and virus isolation, in 1- to 6-week-old broiler chickens originated from various parent flocks in Hungary. Total losses in the broiler flocks were estimated at 7 to 8% and about 25% of the chickens failed to reach target body mass by the 7th week of life. The clinical signs, postmortem lesions and histopathological changes of the affected chickens were similar to those of naturally occurring CAV-induced infectious anaemia of young chickens. In MDCC-MSB1 cell cultures, a chloroform-resistant virus smaller than 50 nm in diameter, resistant to heating at 70 degrees C for 30 min, and antigenically very closely related to the Cux-1 strain of CAV was isolated from the liver of naturally diseased broilers. This virus isolate was designated the Bia strain of CAV. Inoculation of susceptible 1-day-old SPF chicks with a CAV-positive liver extract from naturally diseased broilers caused pathological changes characteristic of CAV infection, namely impaired growth, severe anaemia with atrophy of the bone marrow, marked atrophy of the lymphoid organs and petechial haemorrhages throughout the body. A quite similar pathological syndrome was also induced by inoculation of 1-day-old SPF chicks with the MDCC-MSB1 cell-culture-propagated new Bia strain of CAV. The CAV was successfully reisolated from the livers of experimentally inoculated birds, and antibodies to the reference Cux-1 strain of CAV were also demonstrated by the indirect immunofluorescence test in sera of naturally diseased and experimentally inoculated chickens. No antibodies were found against infectious bursal disease virus, reticuloendotheliosis virus, Marek's disease herpesvirus as well as avian adenoviruses and reoviruses. The reported disease of young broiler chickens was associated with natural infection of a new isolate of CAV. On the basis of its physicochemical, antigenic and pathogenic characteristics, this virus is similar to other strains of CAV isolated from chickens in other countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-223
Number of pages17
JournalActa veterinaria Hungarica
Volume40
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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    Farkas, T., Drén, C., Németh, I., Dobos-Kovács, M., Povazsán, J., & Sághy, E. (1992). Isolation of chicken anaemia virus from broiler chickens. Acta veterinaria Hungarica, 40(3), 207-223.