Isolation and characterization of two different cDNAs of Δ1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthase in alfalfa, transcriptionally induced upon salt stress

Idit Ginzberg, Hanan Stein, Yoram Kapulnik, Laszlo Szabados, Nicolai Strizhov, Jeff Schell, Csaba Koncz, Aviah Zilberstein

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Two different cDNA clones, MsP5CS-1 and MsP5CS-2, encoding Δ1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthase (P5CS), the first enzyme of the proline biosynthetic pathway, were isolated from a λZap-cDNA library constructed from salt stressed Medicago sativa roots. MsP5CS-1 (2.6 kb) has an open reading frame of 717 amino acids, as well as a non-spliced intron at a position corresponding to the evolutionary fusion point of the bacterial proA and proB genes. MsP5CS-2 (1.25 kb) is a partial clone. The clones share 65% identity in nucleotide sequences, 74% homology in deduced amino acid sequences, and both show a high similarity to Vigna aconitifolia and Arabidopsis thaliana P5CS cDNA clones. Southern blot analysis confirmed the presence of two different P5CS genes. The effect of salinity on the transcription of MsP5CS-1 and MsP5CS-2 in roots was studied, using northern blot analysis and a RT-PCR approach. A rapid increase in the steady-state transcript level of both genes in roots was observed by RT-PCR upon exposure of hydroponically grown 6-day old seedlings to 90 mM NaCl, suggesting that both ate salt-inducible genes, yet a higher response was observed for MsP5CS-2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)755-764
Number of pages10
JournalPlant molecular biology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1998



  • Medicago sativa
  • Proline
  • Pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthase
  • Salt stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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