3-Hydroxyacyl coenzyme A (CoA) dehydrogenase-binding protein was solubilized from inner mitochondrial membrane by using taurodeoxycholate at high ionic strength. The binding protein was isolated from the suspension using 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase affinity chromatography. The protein eluted from the affinity column had a molecular weight of approximately 150,000, as determined by gel filtration. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis revealed that the protein is a dimer consisting of 69,000 and 71,000 molecular weight subunits. The enzyme binding capacity of this protein was tested with a polyethylene glycol precipitation method: 0.5 mg of enzyme could be precipitated together with 1 mg of binding protein, showing that 1 mol of binding protein binds 1 mol of enzyme. This protein had no affinity toward malic dehydrogenase, citrate synthase, and fumarase. The approximately 2-fold increase in the 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity when it was measured the presence of the binding protein is additional evidence of enzyme-binding protein interaction. When incorporation into liposomes, the binding protein retained its ability to bind 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase, but did not bind malic dehydrogenase, citrate synthase, and fumarase. These results suggest that the protein isolated by us has a specific function in anchoring a β-oxidation enzyme to the matrix surface of the mitochondrial membrane.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 1986|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology