Isolation and analysis of bioactive constituents of sour cherry (Prunus cerasus) seed kernel

An emerging functional food

I. Bak, I. Lekli, B. Juhász, E. Varga, Balazs Varga, R. Gesztelyi, Levente Szendrei, A. Tósaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A plant-based diet reduces the risk for the development of several chronic diseases, such as ischemic heart disease or cancer due to natural compounds found in plants. Numerous cereals, berries, fruits, and vegetables, including sour cherry (Prunus cerasus), which is a favored fruit worldwide, contain biological active components. The antioxidant components of the sour cherry seed kernel have not been investigated until now. The aim of our study was to isolate and analyze the bioactive constituents of sour cherry seed kernel. We separated the oil fraction of the kernel; then the remaining solid fraction was dried, and the oil-free kernel extract was further analyzed. Our results show that sour cherry seed kernel oil contains vegetable oils including unsaturated fatty acids, oleic acids, α-tocopherol, tocotrienols, and tocopherol-like components. The components of the solid fraction include various bioactive structures such as polyphenols, flavonoids, vegetable acids, and pro-and anthocyanidins, which could have useful therapeutic effects in the prevention of various vascular diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)905-910
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Medicinal Food
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2010

Fingerprint

Functional Food
Seeds
Fruit
Oils
Tocopherols
Vegetables
Tocotrienols
Oleic Acids
Heart Neoplasms
Plant Oils
Anthocyanins
Polyphenols
Therapeutic Uses
Unsaturated Fatty Acids
Vascular Diseases
Flavonoids
Myocardial Ischemia
Chronic Disease
Antioxidants
Prunus avium

Keywords

  • flavonoids
  • free radicals
  • sour cherry kernel
  • unsaturated fatty acids
  • vitamin E

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

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AU - Varga, E.

AU - Varga, Balazs

AU - Gesztelyi, R.

AU - Szendrei, Levente

AU - Tósaki, A.

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