Ischemic preconditioning triggers phospholipase D signaling in rat heart

Arpad Tosaki, Nilanjana Maulik, Gerald Cordis, Ovidiu C. Trifan, Laurentiu M. Popescu, Dipak K. Das

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent studies have indicated that repeated brief episodes of ischemia and reperfusion render the myocardium more tolerant to subsequent lethal ischemic injury. In view of the previous observations that ischemia-reperfusion potentiates phospholipase D signaling and that such signaling is beneficial for the heart, we investigated whether a similar phospholipase D signaling is responsible for the beneficial effects associated with repeated ischemia and reperfusion. Using an isolated perfused working rat heart model, we demonstrated that four brief episodes of 5 min of ischemia and 10 min of reperfusion reduced the incidence of ventricular arrhythmias, enhanced the postischemic ventricular performance, and decreased the release of creatine kinase from the reperfused heart, with simultaneous activation of phospholipase D generating the second messengers diacylglycerol and phosphatidic acid and leading to the translocation and activation of protein kinase C. The specific antiphospholipase D antibody blocked the activation of phospholipase D and attenuated the generation of diacylglycerol and phosphatidic acid and activation of protein kinase C. In concert, phospholipase D inhibition increased the incidence of ventricular arrhythmias, blocked the beneficial effects of preconditioning on the ventricular performance, and increased the amount of creatine kinase release from the coronary effluent. The results of this study indicate that repeated brief episodes of ischemia and reperfusion exert beneficial effects on the intact rat heart by triggering the activation of a phospholipase D signaling mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H1860-H1866
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology
Volume273
Issue number4 PART 2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Keywords

  • Ischemia-reperfusion
  • Mitogen-activated protein kinases
  • Protein kinase c
  • Signal transduction
  • Tyrosine kinase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology (medical)

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  • Cite this

    Tosaki, A., Maulik, N., Cordis, G., Trifan, O. C., Popescu, L. M., & Das, D. K. (1997). Ischemic preconditioning triggers phospholipase D signaling in rat heart. American Journal of Physiology, 273(4 PART 2), H1860-H1866. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpheart.1997.273.4.h1860