Is type 2 diabetes mellitus a significant problem in European adolescents?

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Abstract

The rapidly rising incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in young patients is well known in North America, especially in some minorities. Population-based data suggest that the epidemic of paediatric obesity is being followed by an increase in type 2 diabetes mellitus, but for European countries there are such no population-based incidence and prevalence data. From the available data the magnitude of the problem in the European Caucasian population seems to be much less than in North America. Although type 2 diabetes mellitus is still rare in childhood, an increasing rate is expected paralleling the growing rates of obesity; therefore, children and adolescents with a substantial risk for the presence or development of type 2 diabetes should be screened. Among Hungarian obese adolescents impaired glucose tolerance was found in 17.3% and type 2 diabetes mellitus in 1.9% of children. Any feature or condition associated with insulin resistance or hyperinsulinaemia should alert health-care providers to screen young people at increased risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-160
Number of pages6
JournalScandinavian Journal of Nutrition/Naringsforskning
Volume48
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Fingerprint

noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
North America
Population
incidence
Glucose Intolerance
childhood obesity
hyperinsulinemia
Pediatric Obesity
Incidence
Hyperinsulinism
glucose tolerance
health care workers
childhood
insulin resistance
Health Personnel
Insulin Resistance
obesity
Obesity

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Impaired glucose tolerance
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science

Cite this

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title = "Is type 2 diabetes mellitus a significant problem in European adolescents?",
abstract = "The rapidly rising incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in young patients is well known in North America, especially in some minorities. Population-based data suggest that the epidemic of paediatric obesity is being followed by an increase in type 2 diabetes mellitus, but for European countries there are such no population-based incidence and prevalence data. From the available data the magnitude of the problem in the European Caucasian population seems to be much less than in North America. Although type 2 diabetes mellitus is still rare in childhood, an increasing rate is expected paralleling the growing rates of obesity; therefore, children and adolescents with a substantial risk for the presence or development of type 2 diabetes should be screened. Among Hungarian obese adolescents impaired glucose tolerance was found in 17.3{\%} and type 2 diabetes mellitus in 1.9{\%} of children. Any feature or condition associated with insulin resistance or hyperinsulinaemia should alert health-care providers to screen young people at increased risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus.",
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AU - Molnár, D.

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AB - The rapidly rising incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in young patients is well known in North America, especially in some minorities. Population-based data suggest that the epidemic of paediatric obesity is being followed by an increase in type 2 diabetes mellitus, but for European countries there are such no population-based incidence and prevalence data. From the available data the magnitude of the problem in the European Caucasian population seems to be much less than in North America. Although type 2 diabetes mellitus is still rare in childhood, an increasing rate is expected paralleling the growing rates of obesity; therefore, children and adolescents with a substantial risk for the presence or development of type 2 diabetes should be screened. Among Hungarian obese adolescents impaired glucose tolerance was found in 17.3% and type 2 diabetes mellitus in 1.9% of children. Any feature or condition associated with insulin resistance or hyperinsulinaemia should alert health-care providers to screen young people at increased risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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