Is interview a reliable method to verify the compliance with antihypertensive therapy? An international central-European study

George J. Fodor, Marian Kotrec, Kinga Bacskai, Thomas Dorner, Jan Lietava, S. Sonkodi, Anita Rieder, Penelope Turton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Non-compliance with prescribed antihypertensive medication is an important contributor to the failure of antihypertensive therapy. Objective: To assess the validity of a short questionnaire in the identification of non-compliant patients. Methods: In three central-European countries, work-site screening for hypertension was conducted. Blood pressure was measured using an automatic electronic blood pressure measuring device (BpTRU). Respondents were interviewed by trained personnel and a short questionnaire focused on blood pressure awareness and treatment compliance was completed. Results: A total of 2812 persons were screened: 841 (29.9%) respondents were hypertensive, and out of these the total number of treated hypertensive subjects was 359 (42.6%). Mean systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure were significantly lower in the compliant group than the non-compliant group (systolic blood pressure, 139.4 and 146.2 mmHg, respectively, P = 0.002; and diastolic blood pressure, 89.2 and 92.3 mmHg, respectively, P <0.01). The non-compliant group was younger than the compliant group (mean age, 46.7 versus 48.9 years, respectively, P = 0.01). Females, patients on combined therapy and non-smokers were more compliant than males, those on mono-therapy and smokers (P = 0.01, P = 0.004 and P = 0.005, respectively). Conclusion: Patients reporting strict compliance with prescribed drug therapy have significantly lower systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure than those who admit even an occasional lapse in taking medication. A properly formulated questionnaire can identify non-compliant patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1261-1266
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Volume23
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2005

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Antihypertensive Agents
Interviews
Blood Pressure
Therapeutics
Workplace
Age Groups
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Compliance
  • Hypertension
  • Questionnaire
  • Work-site screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Fodor, G. J., Kotrec, M., Bacskai, K., Dorner, T., Lietava, J., Sonkodi, S., ... Turton, P. (2005). Is interview a reliable method to verify the compliance with antihypertensive therapy? An international central-European study. Journal of Hypertension, 23(6), 1261-1266.

Is interview a reliable method to verify the compliance with antihypertensive therapy? An international central-European study. / Fodor, George J.; Kotrec, Marian; Bacskai, Kinga; Dorner, Thomas; Lietava, Jan; Sonkodi, S.; Rieder, Anita; Turton, Penelope.

In: Journal of Hypertension, Vol. 23, No. 6, 06.2005, p. 1261-1266.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fodor, GJ, Kotrec, M, Bacskai, K, Dorner, T, Lietava, J, Sonkodi, S, Rieder, A & Turton, P 2005, 'Is interview a reliable method to verify the compliance with antihypertensive therapy? An international central-European study', Journal of Hypertension, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 1261-1266.
Fodor, George J. ; Kotrec, Marian ; Bacskai, Kinga ; Dorner, Thomas ; Lietava, Jan ; Sonkodi, S. ; Rieder, Anita ; Turton, Penelope. / Is interview a reliable method to verify the compliance with antihypertensive therapy? An international central-European study. In: Journal of Hypertension. 2005 ; Vol. 23, No. 6. pp. 1261-1266.
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