Is dairy consumption associated with low cardiovascular disease risk in European adolescents? Results from the HELENA Study

HELENA Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To identify those food groups best discriminating individuals at high/low cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and to investigate the relationship between dairy consumption and CVD risk factors (individual and scores) in adolescents (12.5-17.5 years) from eight European cities participating in the cross-sectional (2006-2007) HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) project. Methods: Diet, waist circumference, skin-folds thickness, systolic blood pressure, insulin resistance, triglycerides, total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein ratio and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) were assessed in 511 (49.9% boys) adolescents. Individual z-scores of CVD risk factors were summed to compute sex-specific clustered CVD risk scores. Results: Dairy emerged as the food group best discriminating adolescents at low/high CVD risk. In both genders, waist circumference and sum of skin-folds were inversely associated with consumption of milk and yogurt, and milk- and yogurt-based beverages, whereas a positive association was observed with CRF. Moreover, CVD risk score (β = -0.230, P = 0.001) was also inversely associated with overall dairy consumption only in girls. Discussion: Dairy consumption is associated with lower adiposity and higher CRF in these adolescents. An inverse association between CVD risk score and dairy consumption is also depicted in girls. The study adds further evidence to the scarce literature on the influence of milk and dairy products on adolescents' cardiovascular health.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)401-410
Number of pages10
JournalPediatric obesity
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Cardiovascular Diseases
Yogurt
Milk
Waist Circumference
Blood Pressure
Food
Skin
Dairy Products
Beverages
Adiposity
Healthy Lifestyle
HDL Cholesterol
Insulin Resistance
Triglycerides
Diet
Cardiorespiratory Fitness

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Body fat
  • Cardiovascular disease risk
  • Dairy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Is dairy consumption associated with low cardiovascular disease risk in European adolescents? Results from the HELENA Study. / HELENA Study Group.

In: Pediatric obesity, Vol. 9, No. 5, 2014, p. 401-410.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Is dairy consumption associated with low cardiovascular disease risk in European adolescents? Results from the HELENA Study",
abstract = "Objective: To identify those food groups best discriminating individuals at high/low cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and to investigate the relationship between dairy consumption and CVD risk factors (individual and scores) in adolescents (12.5-17.5 years) from eight European cities participating in the cross-sectional (2006-2007) HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) project. Methods: Diet, waist circumference, skin-folds thickness, systolic blood pressure, insulin resistance, triglycerides, total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein ratio and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) were assessed in 511 (49.9{\%} boys) adolescents. Individual z-scores of CVD risk factors were summed to compute sex-specific clustered CVD risk scores. Results: Dairy emerged as the food group best discriminating adolescents at low/high CVD risk. In both genders, waist circumference and sum of skin-folds were inversely associated with consumption of milk and yogurt, and milk- and yogurt-based beverages, whereas a positive association was observed with CRF. Moreover, CVD risk score (β = -0.230, P = 0.001) was also inversely associated with overall dairy consumption only in girls. Discussion: Dairy consumption is associated with lower adiposity and higher CRF in these adolescents. An inverse association between CVD risk score and dairy consumption is also depicted in girls. The study adds further evidence to the scarce literature on the influence of milk and dairy products on adolescents' cardiovascular health.",
keywords = "Adolescents, Body fat, Cardiovascular disease risk, Dairy",
author = "{HELENA Study Group} and S. Bel-Serrat and T. Mouratidou and D. Jim{\'e}nez-Pav{\'o}n and I. Huybrechts and M. Cuenca-Garc{\'i}a and L. Mistura and F. Gottrand and M. Gonz{\'a}lez-Gross and J. Dallongeville and A. Kafatos and Y. Manios and P. Stehle and M. Kersting and {De Henauw}, S. and Castillo, {M. J.} and L. Hallstrom and D. Moln{\'a}r and K. Widhalm and A. Marcos and Moreno, {L. A.}",
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T1 - Is dairy consumption associated with low cardiovascular disease risk in European adolescents? Results from the HELENA Study

AU - HELENA Study Group

AU - Bel-Serrat, S.

AU - Mouratidou, T.

AU - Jiménez-Pavón, D.

AU - Huybrechts, I.

AU - Cuenca-García, M.

AU - Mistura, L.

AU - Gottrand, F.

AU - González-Gross, M.

AU - Dallongeville, J.

AU - Kafatos, A.

AU - Manios, Y.

AU - Stehle, P.

AU - Kersting, M.

AU - De Henauw, S.

AU - Castillo, M. J.

AU - Hallstrom, L.

AU - Molnár, D.

AU - Widhalm, K.

AU - Marcos, A.

AU - Moreno, L. A.

PY - 2014

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N2 - Objective: To identify those food groups best discriminating individuals at high/low cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and to investigate the relationship between dairy consumption and CVD risk factors (individual and scores) in adolescents (12.5-17.5 years) from eight European cities participating in the cross-sectional (2006-2007) HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) project. Methods: Diet, waist circumference, skin-folds thickness, systolic blood pressure, insulin resistance, triglycerides, total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein ratio and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) were assessed in 511 (49.9% boys) adolescents. Individual z-scores of CVD risk factors were summed to compute sex-specific clustered CVD risk scores. Results: Dairy emerged as the food group best discriminating adolescents at low/high CVD risk. In both genders, waist circumference and sum of skin-folds were inversely associated with consumption of milk and yogurt, and milk- and yogurt-based beverages, whereas a positive association was observed with CRF. Moreover, CVD risk score (β = -0.230, P = 0.001) was also inversely associated with overall dairy consumption only in girls. Discussion: Dairy consumption is associated with lower adiposity and higher CRF in these adolescents. An inverse association between CVD risk score and dairy consumption is also depicted in girls. The study adds further evidence to the scarce literature on the influence of milk and dairy products on adolescents' cardiovascular health.

AB - Objective: To identify those food groups best discriminating individuals at high/low cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and to investigate the relationship between dairy consumption and CVD risk factors (individual and scores) in adolescents (12.5-17.5 years) from eight European cities participating in the cross-sectional (2006-2007) HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) project. Methods: Diet, waist circumference, skin-folds thickness, systolic blood pressure, insulin resistance, triglycerides, total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein ratio and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) were assessed in 511 (49.9% boys) adolescents. Individual z-scores of CVD risk factors were summed to compute sex-specific clustered CVD risk scores. Results: Dairy emerged as the food group best discriminating adolescents at low/high CVD risk. In both genders, waist circumference and sum of skin-folds were inversely associated with consumption of milk and yogurt, and milk- and yogurt-based beverages, whereas a positive association was observed with CRF. Moreover, CVD risk score (β = -0.230, P = 0.001) was also inversely associated with overall dairy consumption only in girls. Discussion: Dairy consumption is associated with lower adiposity and higher CRF in these adolescents. An inverse association between CVD risk score and dairy consumption is also depicted in girls. The study adds further evidence to the scarce literature on the influence of milk and dairy products on adolescents' cardiovascular health.

KW - Adolescents

KW - Body fat

KW - Cardiovascular disease risk

KW - Dairy

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