Ion-induced alterations of the local hydration environment elucidate Hofmeister effect in a simple classical model of Trp-cage miniprotein

Z. Násztor, A. Dér, F. Bogár

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Protein stability is known to be influenced by the presence of Hofmeister active ions in the solution. In addition to direct ion-protein interactions, this influence manifests through the local alterations of the interfacial water structure induced by the anions and cations present in this region. In our earlier works it was pointed out that the effects of Hofmeister active salts on the stability of Trp-cage miniprotein can be modeled qualitatively using non-polarizable force fields. These simulations reproduced the structure-stabilization and structure-destabilization effects of selected kosmotropic and chaotropic salts, respectively. In the present study we use the same model system to elucidate atomic processes behind the chaotropic destabilization and kosmotropic stabilization of the miniprotein. We focus on changes of the local hydration environment of the miniprotein upon addition of NaClO4 and NaF salts to the solution. The process is separated into two parts. In the first, ‘promotion’ phase, the protein structure is fixed, and the local hydration properties induced by the simultaneous presence of protein and ions are investigated, with a special focus on the interaction of Hofmeister active anions with the charged and polar sites. In the second, ‘rearrangement’ phase we follow changes of the hydration of ions and the protein, accompanying the conformational relaxation of the protein. We identify significant factors of an enthalpic and entropic nature behind the ion-induced free energy changes of the protein-water system, and also propose a possible atomic mechanism consistent with the Collins’s rule, for the chaotropic destabilization and kosmotropic stabilization of protein conformation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number298
JournalJournal of Molecular Modeling
Volume23
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2017

Keywords

  • Chaotropic destabilization
  • Hofmeister effect
  • Kosmotropic stabilization
  • Molecular dynamics
  • Non-polarizable force-field

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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