It was demonstrated earlier, that long lasting exposure of Tetrahymena to a hormone (histamine) resulted in an increased responsiveness to a later re-exposure. However, it was difficult to establish whether selection or amplification plays a role in receptor differentiation. As diiodotyrosine (T2) enhances the growth of Tetrahymena, in the present experiment the effect of T2-treatment on a long-term culture of Tetrahymena pyriformis was analyzed by mathematical-statistical methods to differentiate the effects of selection and amplification mechanisms on hormone receptor development. Although continuous and periodic treatment with T2 enhanced cell division equally, the resulting populations differed in structure. On continuous treatment the population tended to become inhomogenous. The variance tended to increase for 9 days and decreased afterwards without, however, returning to the control level. On periodic treatment the variance was the same as in the control group, but the second and third exposures were significantly more effective than the first treatment, suggesting that the primary encounter with the hormone had given rise to lasting alterations (hormonal imprinting). It follows that continuous exposure involves a selection process which does not, however, account for a steady increase of the growth rate; for initial amplification, taking place also in this condition, and selection which takes effect later, compensate one another's effects. Regarding the unicellular experimental system as a phylo- and ontogenetic model, the conclusion lies close at hand that the selection and amplication mechanisms promote hormone receptor development by joint rather than alternate action.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistics and Probability
- Modelling and Simulation
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Applied Mathematics