Investigational α-synuclein aggregation inhibitors: hope for Parkinson’s disease

Nóra Török, Zsófia Majláth, Levente Szalárdy, László Vécsei

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: The therapeutic management of Parkinson’s disease (PD) is challenging and has not been fully resolved. The main challenges include motor fluctuations and levodopa-induced dyskinesia. Moreover, no disease-modifying or neuroprotective therapy is currently available. Areas covered: This review focuses on α-synuclein aggregation inhibitors and their therapeutic role in PD, with special attention to heat shock proteins, immunotherapy (active and passive), the potential of targeting the Ser129 phosphorylation site, and the antibiotic possibilities. Expert opinion: The induction of chaperones may provide beneficial strategy to target synucleinopathies, but further investigations are needed to find the best options. The promising preclinical results with immunotherapy suggest that it may be a valuable disease-modifying therapy in PD in the future. Clinical trials are currently in the initial phases, and future studies need to confirm the beneficial therapeutic effect in humans and clarify open questions as regards the exact mode of action and potential safety concerns. In case of covalent modifications, phosphorylation of α-synuclein is of outstanding importance; however, conflicting results and open questions exist which necessitate clarification. In vitro results suggest that several antibiotics may also influence α-synuclein aggregation, but these results are to be confirmed in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1281-1294
Number of pages14
JournalExpert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
Volume25
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2016

Keywords

  • Parkinson’s disease
  • heat shock proteins
  • immunotherapy
  • phase I
  • phase II
  • preclinical
  • α-synuclein aggregation inhibitor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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