Investigation of the metabolic effects of chronic clozapine treatment on CCK-1 receptor deficient Otsuka Long Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats

Csaba Hegedus, Diána Kovács, László Drimba, Réka Sári, Angelika Varga, József Németh, Zoltán Szilvássy, Barna Peitl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Clozapine increases meal size and meal duration, effects similar to the pharmacological blockade or congenital deficiency of CCK-1 receptor. We aimed to investigate the role of CCK-1 receptor in clozapine-induced weight gain and insulin sensitivity in CCK-1 receptor deficient, male Otsuka Long Evans Tokushima Fatty rats (OLETF). Long Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) rats served as healthy control. Animals were orally treated with either clozapine (10 mg/kg) or its vehicle over 25 days. Daily metabolic parameters were measured by metabolic cages. The insulin sensitivity was determined by hyperinsulinaemic euglycaemic glucose clamping (HEGC). Adiposity was determined by measuring the perirenal, intraabdominal and epididymal white adipose tissue fat pads. Hypothalamic mRNA expression of CCK-1 and CCK-2 receptor was measured by real-time PCR, plasma insulin by radioimmunoassay. Clozapine failed to increase weight gain or daily food intake, but it increased adiposity, 1st meal size and duration and decreased insulin sensitivity both in OLETF or LETO rats. The glucose infusion rate during the steady state of the HEGC was unaltered, but the metabolic clearance rate of insulin was reduced by the clozapine treatment. Hypothalamic mRNA of CCK-1 and CCK-2 receptor was elevated in LETO rats, but the mRNA of CCK-2 receptor was reduced by clozapine in OLETF rats. Our results suggest that the CCK-1 receptor has no direct role in the clozapine-induced adiposity and insulin resistance. We also demonstrated that atypical antipsychotic treatment can induce insulin resistance in the absence of manifest obesity in male rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-196
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume718
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 26 2013

Keywords

  • Adiposity
  • Atypical antipsychotics
  • Cholecystokinin
  • Feeding pattern
  • Insulin resistance
  • Weight gain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Investigation of the metabolic effects of chronic clozapine treatment on CCK-1 receptor deficient Otsuka Long Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this