Investigation of the exo and endo isomers of dioxolane-type benzylidene derivatives of carbohydrates by 13C NMR spectroscopy

A. Lipták, P. Fügedi, P. Nánási, A. Neszmélyi

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Abstract

The absolute configurations of nine 2,3-O-benzylidene-α-L-rhamno- and α-D-mannopyranoside diasteteomeric pairs were determined and the 13C NMR spectra of further thirteen α-L-rhamno- and α-D-mannopyranosides, having various substituents, were completely assigned. Four 13C shifts were found suitable for the determination of the absolute configuration of the dioxolane skeleton. (1) The chemical shift of the acetal carbon in the endo isomers is between 103.9 and 104.7 ppm whereas for the exo isomers this region extends from 102.8 to 103.4 ppm; (2) The formation of the dioxolane ring causes a deshielding effect for the bridgehead carbons, in the exo isomers this effect is more pronounced for C-3 whereas in the endo isomers for C-2. For C-4, shielding effect was found in the exo isomers and deshielding effect in the endo ones; (3) The chemical shift of the quaternary carbon of the phenyl group is greater in the exo isomers than in the endo ones; (4) The difference between the shift of the acetal carbon and that of the quaternary carbon of the phenyl group in the exo isomers is greater than 35.4 ppm, in the endo isomers is less than 33.7 ppm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1111-1119
Number of pages9
JournalTetrahedron
Volume35
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1979

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Isomers
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Carbon
Carbohydrates
Derivatives
Acetals
Mannose
Chemical shift
Skeleton
formal glycol
Carbon-13 Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Shielding
Nuclear magnetic resonance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Drug Discovery

Cite this

Investigation of the exo and endo isomers of dioxolane-type benzylidene derivatives of carbohydrates by 13C NMR spectroscopy. / Lipták, A.; Fügedi, P.; Nánási, P.; Neszmélyi, A.

In: Tetrahedron, Vol. 35, No. 9, 1979, p. 1111-1119.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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